Tooth sensitivity is a common dental issue that can cause discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks or when brushing teeth. It occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the teeth becomes worn down, exposing the sensitive dentin layer underneath. In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment options for tooth sensitivity.
Causes of Tooth Sensitivity
Enamel erosion occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the teeth is worn down, exposing the sensitive dentin layer underneath. This can be caused by consuming acidic foods and drinks, brushing too hard, or grinding teeth.
Gum recession occurs when the gums pull back from the teeth, exposing the sensitive root surface. This can be caused by gum disease, brushing too hard, or aging.
Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can wear down enamel and expose the sensitive dentin layer underneath. It can also cause jaw pain and headaches.
Certain dental procedures, such as teeth whitening or dental fillings, can cause temporary sensitivity.
Treatment Options for Tooth Sensitivity.
Desensitizing toothpaste can help reduce tooth sensitivity by blocking the transmission of pain signals to the nerves in the teeth.
Fluoride treatment can help strengthen enamel and reduce sensitivity. It can be applied in-office or with a prescription-strength fluoride toothpaste.
Dental bonding involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the surface of the teeth to cover exposed root surfaces and reduce sensitivity.
Gum grafting involves taking tissue from another part of the mouth and attaching it to the affected area to cover exposed roots and reduce sensitivity.
Mouthguards can be used to prevent teeth grinding, which can help reduce sensitivity caused by enamel erosion.
In conclusion, tooth sensitivity is a common dental issue that can cause discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks or when brushing teeth. It can be caused by enamel erosion, gum recession, teeth grinding, or dental procedures. Treatment options for tooth sensitivity include desensitizing toothpaste, fluoride treatment, dental bonding, gum grafting, and mouthguards. If you are experiencing tooth sensitivity, schedule an appointment with your dentist to discuss the best treatment options for your individual needs.