Tooth sensitivity is a common dental issue that can cause discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks or when brushing teeth. It occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the teeth becomes worn down, exposing the sensitive dentin layer underneath. In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment options for tooth sensitivity.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Enamel erosion

Enamel erosion occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the teeth is worn down, exposing the sensitive dentin layer underneath. This can be caused by consuming acidic foods and drinks, brushing too hard, or grinding teeth.

Gum recession

Gum recession occurs when the gums pull back from the teeth, exposing the sensitive root surface. This can be caused by gum disease, brushing too hard, or aging.

Teeth grinding

Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can wear down enamel and expose the sensitive dentin layer underneath. It can also cause jaw pain and headaches.

Dental procedures

Certain dental procedures, such as teeth whitening or dental fillings, can cause temporary sensitivity.

Treatment Options for Tooth Sensitivity.

Desensitizing toothpaste

Desensitizing toothpaste can help reduce tooth sensitivity by blocking the transmission of pain signals to the nerves in the teeth.

Fluoride treatment

Fluoride treatment can help strengthen enamel and reduce sensitivity. It can be applied in-office or with a prescription-strength fluoride toothpaste.

Dental bonding

Dental bonding involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the surface of the teeth to cover exposed root surfaces and reduce sensitivity.

Gum grafting

Gum grafting involves taking tissue from another part of the mouth and attaching it to the affected area to cover exposed roots and reduce sensitivity.


Mouthguards can be used to prevent teeth grinding, which can help reduce sensitivity caused by enamel erosion.

In conclusion, tooth sensitivity is a common dental issue that can cause discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks or when brushing teeth. It can be caused by enamel erosion, gum recession, teeth grinding, or dental procedures. Treatment options for tooth sensitivity include desensitizing toothpaste, fluoride treatment, dental bonding, gum grafting, and mouthguards. If you are experiencing tooth sensitivity, schedule an appointment with your dentist to discuss the best treatment options for your individual needs.

Oral hygiene is a crucial aspect of maintaining good oral health. It involves regular dental checkups, proper brushing and flossing techniques, and other dental care habits. Dentistry is the medical field that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of oral health issues. In this article, we will discuss the relationship between oral hygiene and dentistry.

Why is Oral Hygiene Important?

Oral hygiene is essential for preventing dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. Brushing and flossing remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums, preventing them from causing damage. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on teeth and can lead to cavities and gum disease if left unchecked. Flossing removes plaque and bacteria from between teeth, where a toothbrush cannot reach.

Regular dental checkups are also an important aspect of oral hygiene. Dentists can identify and treat dental issues early, preventing them from becoming more serious. They can also perform a professional cleaning of the teeth and gums, removing any plaque or tartar buildup.

The Relationship Between Oral Hygiene and Dentistry

Dentistry is the medical field that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of oral health issues. Dentists play a vital role in helping individuals maintain good oral hygiene. They can provide advice on proper brushing and flossing techniques, recommend oral hygiene products, and identify and treat dental issues.

Dentists also play a significant role in preventing dental issues through regular checkups and cleanings. During a dental exam, dentists can detect dental issues before they become serious. They can also perform a professional cleaning of the teeth and gums, removing any plaque or tartar buildup. Dentists may also provide treatments such as fluoride treatments or dental sealants, which can help to prevent tooth decay.

Oral hygiene and dentistry work together to maintain good oral health. Proper oral hygiene habits are essential for preventing dental issues, while regular dental checkups and cleanings are essential for detecting and treating dental issues.

In conclusion, oral hygiene and dentistry are essential for maintaining good oral health. Proper brushing and flossing habits, along with regular dental checkups and cleanings, can help prevent dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. If you have not had a dental checkup in the past six months, schedule an appointment with your dentist today.

Choosing the best toothbrush is an important step in maintaining good oral health. With so many options available on the market, it can be difficult to know which toothbrush is right for you. In this article, we will discuss the factors to consider when choosing a toothbrush and provide tips for selecting the best toothbrush for your needs.

Bristle Type

Toothbrushes come with soft, medium, or hard bristles. Dentists recommend using a toothbrush with soft bristles as hard bristles can damage the tooth enamel and gums. Soft bristles are gentle on the gums and teeth and can effectively remove plaque and debris without causing damage.

Head Size

The head size of a toothbrush is another important factor to consider. A toothbrush with a smaller head is easier to maneuver and can reach all areas of the mouth. This is particularly important for those with smaller mouths or who have difficulty reaching the back teeth. A larger head may be more effective at cleaning larger surfaces, but may be more difficult to use in hard-to-reach areas.


The handle of a toothbrush should be comfortable to hold and provide a good grip. A non-slip grip can help to prevent the toothbrush from slipping out of your hand while brushing. Additionally, the handle should be long enough to comfortably reach all areas of the mouth.

Manual vs. Electric

Manual toothbrushes are widely available and are typically less expensive than electric toothbrushes. Electric toothbrushes are more effective at removing plaque and can be easier to use for those with limited mobility. They also often come with features such as timers or multiple brush heads to improve cleaning.

ADA Approval

The American Dental Association (ADA) approves toothbrushes that meet certain criteria for safety and effectiveness. Look for toothbrushes with the ADA seal of approval to ensure that they have been tested and approved by dental professionals.

Regular dental checkups are an essential part of maintaining good oral health. Dentists recommend that individuals should have a dental checkup at least twice a year, or more frequently if they have certain dental issues. In this article, we will discuss the importance of regular dental checkups and what to expect during a dental exam.

Why are Regular Dental Checkups Important?

Prevent Dental Problems

Regular dental checkups allow your dentist to detect dental problems before they become serious. By identifying and treating dental issues early, you can avoid more extensive and expensive procedures in the future.

Clean Teeth and Gums

Regular dental checkups include a professional cleaning of the teeth and gums. A dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar buildup, which can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. This cleaning helps to prevent dental issues and keeps your mouth healthy.

Early Detection of Oral Cancer

Dentists perform an oral cancer screening during a dental checkup. Early detection of oral cancer can increase the chances of successful treatment. Your dentist will check for any abnormalities in the mouth, such as lumps, bumps, or sores that could be a sign of oral cancer.

Maintaining Overall Health

Oral health is linked to overall health. Poor oral health has been linked to several health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Regular dental checkups can help to maintain good oral health, which in turn can help to maintain overall health.

What to Expect During a Dental Exam

During a dental checkup, your dentist will perform a comprehensive exam of your teeth, gums, and mouth. They will check for any signs of tooth decay, gum disease, or other dental issues. Your dentist will also check your bite, jaw, and the overall health of your mouth.

A dental hygienist will perform a professional cleaning of your teeth and gums. They will remove any plaque or tartar buildup, polish your teeth, and floss between your teeth. The hygienist will also discuss proper brushing and flossing techniques with you.

Your dentist may also take x-rays of your teeth to check for any issues that may not be visible during a visual exam. They will discuss any dental issues that they find and recommend appropriate treatment.

In conclusion, regular dental checkups are essential for maintaining good oral health. They can help to prevent dental problems, detect oral cancer, maintain overall health, and keep your teeth and gums clean and healthy. If you have not had a dental checkup in the past six months, schedule an appointment with your dentist today.

Toothpaste is an essential component of oral hygiene, but with so many different types of toothpaste on the market, it can be difficult to know which one to choose. Here are some tips for choosing the appropriate toothpaste for your needs:

Look for Fluoride

Fluoride is a key ingredient in toothpaste that helps prevent tooth decay by strengthening tooth enamel. Most toothpaste brands contain fluoride, but it’s important to double-check the packaging to ensure that it contains the appropriate level of fluoride recommended by your dentist. For adults, this typically means using a toothpaste with at least 1,000 parts per million (ppm) of fluoride.

Consider Your Oral Health Needs

Different types of toothpaste are designed to address different oral health needs. For example, if you have sensitive teeth, you may want to look for toothpaste that contains desensitizing agents. If you have gingivitis, you may want to use toothpaste that contains antibacterial agents to help fight gum disease. If you have stained teeth, look for toothpaste that contains whitening agents. Talk to your dentist about your specific oral health needs to determine which type of toothpaste is best for you.

Avoid Harsh Ingredients

Some toothpaste brands contain harsh ingredients, such as sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), which can irritate the gums and cause canker sores. If you experience sensitivity or irritation after brushing, try switching to a toothpaste that is SLS-free.

Consider Flavor and Texture

The flavor and texture of toothpaste can impact your overall brushing experience. Some people prefer a minty flavor, while others prefer a fruity or cinnamon flavor. Similarly, some people prefer a smooth toothpaste, while others prefer a gritty texture. Try different types of toothpaste to determine which flavor and texture you prefer.

Check for ADA Approval

The American Dental Association (ADA) evaluates and approves toothpaste that meets certain safety and effectiveness standards. Look for toothpaste that has the ADA Seal of Approval on the packaging. This indicates that the toothpaste has been tested and meets the standards set by the ADA.

In conclusion, choosing the appropriate toothpaste is an important part of maintaining good oral hygiene. Look for toothpaste that contains fluoride, consider your oral health needs, avoid harsh ingredients, consider flavor and texture, and check for ADA Approval when choosing toothpaste. Remember to brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes each time, and to replace your toothbrush and toothpaste every three to four months or when the bristles become frayed or worn.

Dental procedures are a common occurrence in the field of dentistry. From routine cleanings to more complex procedures, dentists use a variety of techniques to keep our teeth healthy and functioning properly. Here are some of the most common dental procedures:

Dental Cleaning

A dental cleaning, also known as a prophylaxis, is a routine dental procedure that involves the removal of plaque, tartar, and stains from the teeth. The procedure is performed by a dental hygienist and involves scaling and polishing the teeth. Dental cleanings are important to prevent gum disease and tooth decay.

Dental Fillings

Dental fillings are a common dental procedure used to repair cavities in the teeth. The procedure involves removing the decayed portion of the tooth and filling the space with a material such as composite resin, porcelain, or silver amalgam. Dental fillings restore the function and appearance of the tooth and prevent further decay.

Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy is a dental procedure used to treat a damaged or infected tooth. The procedure involves removing the infected pulp from the tooth and filling the space with a material called gutta-percha. Root canal therapy is used to save a damaged tooth and prevent the spread of infection to other teeth.

Dental Crown

A dental crown is a cap that is placed over a damaged or decayed tooth to restore its function and appearance. The crown is made of a variety of materials, including porcelain, gold, or ceramic. Dental crowns are used to protect the tooth from further damage and to improve its appearance.

Dental Implants

Dental implants are a popular dental procedure used to replace missing teeth. The procedure involves placing a small titanium post into the jawbone, which serves as an anchor for a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are a permanent solution to missing teeth and provide a natural-looking and functional replacement.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening is a cosmetic dental procedure used to brighten and whiten discolored teeth. The procedure involves applying a bleaching agent to the teeth, which removes stains and discoloration. Teeth whitening can be done in-office or at home with a custom-fitted tray.

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment is a dental procedure used to straighten crooked or misaligned teeth. The most common orthodontic treatment is braces, which are used to align teeth over a period of time. Other orthodontic treatments include clear aligners and retainers.

In conclusion, dental procedures are an essential part of maintaining good oral health. From routine cleanings to more complex procedures, dentists use a variety of techniques to keep our teeth healthy and functioning properly. If you are in need of any dental procedures, speak to your dentist to discuss the best options for you.

Having healthy teeth is crucial for our overall well-being. Not only do they help us to eat and speak properly, but they also have a significant impact on our self-confidence and social interactions. Here are some tips to help you achieve and maintain healthy teeth.

Brush your teeth regularly

Brushing your teeth at least twice a day is essential for maintaining healthy teeth. You should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Brush your teeth for at least two minutes each time and make sure you reach all areas of your mouth, including your tongue.

Floss daily

Flossing is just as important as brushing for healthy teeth. It helps to remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth and along the gumline. Floss at least once a day using a gentle, back-and-forth motion.

Eat a balanced diet

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is crucial for maintaining healthy teeth. Avoid sugary and acidic foods and drinks, which can damage your teeth and cause cavities. Instead, focus on eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains.

Drink plenty of water

Drinking plenty of water is essential for good oral health. It helps to wash away food particles and bacteria from your mouth, preventing cavities and bad breath. Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water a day.

Avoid smoking and tobacco products

Smoking and using tobacco products can cause gum disease, bad breath, and tooth loss. It can also increase your risk of oral cancer. If you smoke or use tobacco products, quitting is the best thing you can do for your oral and overall health.

Visit your dentist regularly

Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential for maintaining healthy teeth. Your dentist can detect and treat dental problems early, preventing them from becoming more serious. They can also provide you with advice on how to improve your oral hygiene and answer any questions you may have.

Use mouthwash

Mouthwash can help kill bacteria and freshen your breath. It’s an excellent addition to your oral hygiene routine. Choose an antiseptic mouthwash that kills germs and has fluoride to strengthen your teeth.

Protect your teeth during physical activity

If you participate in sports or other physical activities, it’s essential to protect your teeth from injury. Wear a mouthguard to prevent chips, cracks, or other damage to your teeth and mouth.

In conclusion, healthy teeth are essential for our overall well-being. Follow these tips to achieve and maintain healthy teeth: brush your teeth regularly, floss daily, eat a balanced diet, drink plenty of water, avoid smoking and tobacco products, visit your dentist regularly, use mouthwash, and protect your teeth during physical activity. By taking care of your teeth, you can enjoy a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.


Trauma is one of the most important causes of front tooth loss. Trauma usually occurs after , accidents, or falls. When the front tooth falls out, bone loss will be 25-40% in the first year. Usually, in such a situation, there will be a need for a bone graft. Because bone grafting increases the desired results.

There are different options for reconstructing and implanting the anterior region of the upper jaw to reduce the time of toothlessness:

Different options:

Immediate implant

Implant placement immediately after tooth extraction

Or considering that the front teeth have a great effect on beauty, tooth replacement becomes important. Front tooth implant is one of the best and most desirable methods for beauty. Immediate implant method is a better option in such cases. But this method is not always possible and different conditions are necessary to do it. The presence of healthy bone around the tooth, the absence of infection, the geometric shape of the tooth root and healthy gums are the necessary conditions for immediate implant placement.

The cost of the immediate implant is more than the long implant. This cost includes bone powder and membranes, which are likely to be needed in this treatment process. Even if the above conditions are met, the patient should know that it may not be possible to have an implant after tooth extraction, and only bone grafting can be done on the spot.

Temporary prosthesis

What should be done in the time interval between implant implantation and prosthetics on the implant? As you know, this time interval is for Osseo integration or fusion of the jaw bone to the implant. This period of time can last from three months to six months according to different conditions. There is a special type of implant that takes about twenty days. Of course, to do it, you need a bone with suitable diameter and length conditions.

There are also different solutions for temporary replacement of the empty space of the implant site. The simplest of them is the use of movable prostheses or flippers. A person can take them out of the mouth at any time. Because removable prostheses cause pressure on the underlying gum and bone, and as a result, bone and gum loss and, of course, damage to beauty. Also, due to the impact and pressure on the bone of that area, they delay the Osseo integration process.


In this method, a composite tooth is temporarily attached to the adjacent teeth; The advantage of this method is that this tooth is fixed, and the drawback of this method is that the tooth is fragile and may be damaged several times during these few months. A lot of care is needed in this method as well.

Immediate implant method

In this method, a temporary prosthesis is fixed on the implant base.

One of the problems that patients with dental wire have is changing the lips in orthodontics. Especially women and models are very worried about the effects of brackets on the lips and the final shape of their lips. Here, we are trying to talk about the effect of braces on the lips to solve your concerns in this regard.

Your teeth and lips are connected by a small groove called maxillary labial groove. This groove, actually connects the inner part of your lip to the gums of the teeth. As we know, braces make the rest of the teeth regular by applying force on the front teeth. In some cases, the front teeth are not in the right position and it is necessary to arrange the front teeth well first.

When the front teeth move back, due to this groove between the teeth and the gums, the lips also move back and cover the teeth. Based on the final position of your teeth and based on how long your treatment has been, the lips will show your teeth more prominently by pulling back. In some cases, the lips may appear wider than the original state, which is actually the only change in the position of the lips, and there has been no change in their size.

Facial changes after orthodontics

Orthodontic treatment can have a big impact on your facial shape. When your teeth and jaw change, other features of your face will also change.

When your teeth and jaw are properly aligned, you will not only enjoy a perfect smile, but your face shape will become more attractive and beautiful. So this is a double profit deal!

The effect of orthodontics on the cheeks

In order to understand the effects of orthodontics on your face, you should mention different dental problems and how each of them affects your face shape and appearance.


This condition occurs when the lower teeth are placed before the upper teeth. An underbite can affect the proportions of your face and make your jaw appear much larger. Orthodontic treatment can improve your facial features by moving your jaw into the correct position.


An overbite is a common dental problem caused by the protrusion of the upper teeth compared to the lower teeth. This condition may cause the upper lip to appear more prominent and the lower jaw to appear weak and sunken. Orthodontic correction improves this appearance and makes the appearance of the jaw and face more uniform and balanced.


Openbite is a defect in the pairing and closing of the teeth, and the teeth always remain slightly open in this state. This position makes the mouth appear elongated and the upper or lower lip slightly protruding, which disturbs the balance of the face.

Crooked teeth

Crooked teeth can cause a dull face, especially if one side of the mouth has more crooked teeth than the other. A dental brace can cure this problem and straighten the jaw and smile and align the teeth.

Preventing lip shape change after dental orthodontics

Although many people get used to the changes in their lips after installing dental braces, there are also some people who are very sensitive to their face and lips and after finishing the treatment, the changes in their lips their lips are unhappy and cannot bear this situation. Should you worry about facial changes after orthodontics?

In fact, you have the right to be sensitive about your appearance and ask your orthodontist about this, but you should know that there are different ways to fix this problem and there is no need to worry.

Orthodontics with tape

In most cases, dentists try to inform patients about the changes that may occur in the lips before performing mobile or fixed orthodontics and placing dental braces, and if necessary, they can be treated with some special methods.

Followed up that the main changes in the lips do not affect the overall shape of the patient’s face too much.

Your orthodontist can use some elastic bands on your braces, which will slow down the process of changing the position of your teeth and prevent the shape of your lips from changing. You can also use invisible braces to reduce the cosmetic problems of your teeth. However, it may still have little effects on your lips.

Genetics has a great influence on the overall health of people. Did you know that genetics is also effective on oral and dental conditions and determines how teeth grow, Microdontia refers to teeth that are smaller than normal, which is one of the most common oral health problems that almost every family has one person with this problem.

In adults, the small teeth with the gaps next to them may look like children’s teeth. Too small teeth may not be placed next to other teeth and cause damage to other teeth and look messy. The good news for people with microdontia is that many techniques and treatments have been discovered to restore teeth and improve smiles. In this article, we discuss microdontia and its treatment methods:

What is microdontia?

Micro means small and Dontia means tooth related conditions. Therefore, the word microdontia means having small teeth, and a person with this problem has one or more teeth that are smaller than normal. Dentists call teeth smaller than normal, microdont.

Microdonts can have normal or abnormal morphology. These teeth may have a normal appearance but smaller than normal, or they may have a normal size but a triangular shape. In many cases, these small teeth also have small roots, even if their crowns are close to normal.

Types of microdontia

There are three types of microdontia

1. Local microdontia

As it is clear from the name of this microdontia, only one tooth is affected in this disorder. This usually happens to the lateral anterior teeth or third molars. The reason can be facial hemiatrophy (smallness of one side of the face compared to the other side) or the collision of an extra tooth.

2. Extensive microdontia

This type of microdontia includes all teeth. Among the teeth, only one tooth may be normal and of normal size. This type of microdontia is rare. This type of disease may be due to hypophysis or Down syndrome. It may also be caused by complications of chemotherapy and radiation therapy at a growing age.

3. Relatively general microdontia

This type of microdontia is not real but an illusion. If there are teeth slightly smaller than normal in one of the jaws, the teeth appear small. This condition occurs when a person has inherited the teeth of one jaw from one parent and the teeth of the other jaw from the other parent.

Treatment methods

  Dentists will suggest ways to improve after examining your teeth. Some of these ways to improve:


Based on the color and shape of the patient’s teeth, dentists apply composite on a tooth that is smaller than normal and polish the tooth. The preparation steps of composites are short and after they are prepared, they are glued on the teeth with special materials. The quality of composites is getting better day by day and their color is stable and they are more resistant to staining.

Tooth crown

Veneers are thin shells of the same color as the tooth that are placed in front of the tooth. These veneers are made of high-tech porcelain or ceramic. It may be necessary to shave the tooth to place the crowns on the tooth, but if the tooth is very small, there is no need for this. This method has great beauty and longevity.