Dental nausea

Dental nausea (gag reflux), intolerance of objects in the mouth and a feeling of restlessness are observed among some dental clients during dental work.

These patients are often anxious, go to the dentist with a lot of fear . They have a bad feeling during the visit and treatment.

Strategies to prevent nausea in dentistry

The most important element of treatment for these clients

These clients are calm when they are confident in us and the work.

We assure these patients that we understand their condition .

Something inside their mouth that makes them feel bad will not fit as far as possible.

Rubber damm

It is useful for the root channel treatment of most of these patients who have nausea in dentistry from the beginning

One of the side benefits of rubber-Dam is that it minimizes contact of the device with the patient’s mouth .

If necessary, various types of anesthesia are useful to prevent nausea in dentistry .

Topical gels or sprays or even local anesthetics will help.

psychological consideration

There is almost no patient who cannot stay in dentistry due to nausea.

Using the effect of indoctrination and hypnosis with different methods can be very helpful.

Preoperative medication such as antiemetic and sedatives can help control the gag reflex.

If using benzodiazepine family drugs, it is better for the patient to go with a companion.

Fear and intensification of the nausea reflex are interrelated.

If you are afraid, you will feel bad, and if you feel bad, you will be scared next time.

So psychological considerations, can be helpful in some cases.

The skill of the dentist is of particular importance for the management of these patients.

Your breathing rhythm may need to change.

We will teach you to breathe through your nose.

Dive into your mouth and even allow your saliva to flow naturally without swallowing or rinsing your mouth frequently.

You are normally on the dental unit.

You can resist this reflex at home by brushing your tongue, back of your mouth and teeth.

Exercises like this will help you to sit on the dental unit more easily and confidently.

The problem is that misaligned teeth and other oral problems can lower a person’s self-esteem. The result of orthodontics is smooth teeth and a beautiful smile. Let’s look at the complex relationship between orthodontics and self-esteem.

The effect of oral problems on self-confidence

It does not matter if the teeth are messy or the upper and lower jaws are back and forth, oral problems have a negative effect on a person’s self-confidence. People with irregular teeth are usually reluctant to smile, and a confident smile plays a big role in a person’s impact on their audience. This can damage the self-esteem of children, adolescents and adults. Whether you like it or not, we live in a world where the impact of our first encounter on other people is significant.

Research shows that deformed teeth negatively affect people’s romantic and work relationships. Those who have such problems seem less intelligent and incapable. In addition, oral problems have a negative effect on people’s health. Having a bad feeling about your appearance can have a huge impact on your self-esteem.

If you decide to straighten your teeth, you will need to have orthodontics.

How to maintain self-confidence despite orthodontics

If you decide to straighten your teeth, you will need to have orthodontics. Take a deep breath, as you will have to brush your teeth for a long time. Of course, it is better to know that some of the most beautiful faces in the world have also used these wires for some time. In this section, we have brought you methods that you can use to maintain your self-confidence despite orthodontics:

There are some orthodontic procedures that are less visible. If you have the conditions, you can use colorless wires, invisalign and tongue wires, which are invisible compared to regular wires. Talk to your orthodontist about this.

Aside from orthodontics, keeping your teeth clean makes it easier to smile. Be sure to rinse your mouth after eating and brush your teeth properly, and most importantly, see your dentist once in a while to clean your teeth.

Choose the right foods you like. There is nothing worse than breaking a bracket or getting stuck in a wire.

Remember that orthodontics is temporary; so keep in mind the image of a beautiful and flawless smile after orthodontic removal.

Do not think too much about orthodontics. Most people are always worried about their appearance and will not even notice your dental floss.

Pretend. Even if having a wire on your teeth bothers you, pretend you have no problem with it and smile with confidence. You will not be afraid to smile after a while.

According to research on people over the age of 18 who have had orthodontics, 75% of them have been more successful in their work and personal relationships after orthodontics.

The benefits of having a beautiful smile

When the wires are removed, your teeth are straightened and you have the beautiful smile you have always dreamed of. Then you will see that your oral health and self-esteem will improve. Children and adolescents find that they are no longer ashamed of their teeth and are more confident.

Of course, it is not just children who benefit from orthodontics. According to research on people over the age of 18 who have had orthodontics, 75% of them have been more successful in their work-personal relationships after orthodontics, and 92% of them have recommended orthodontics to others. Also, 71% of them admitted that they had a lot of worries before starting the treatment, but after the start of the treatment, these worries disappeared.

The change that orthodontics makes to people’s faces is very dramatic. With more self-esteem, one feels capable of doing anything. Although some people are embarrassed by orthodontics, there are ways to manage this problem, and when the wires are removed, you will have a beautiful smile and tidy teeth.

One of the first things that determine the health of your teeth is your diet. You can use the foods listed below to improve your teeth.


A study published in the Journal of the American Academy of General Dentistry shows that eating cheese raises the pH of a person’s mouth, reduces the risk of tooth decay, and increases saliva. Cheese also contains calcium and protein, nutrients that strengthen tooth enamel.


Yogurt is rich in calcium and protein, which makes it a good choice for the strength and health of your teeth. The probiotics or beneficial bacteria in yogurt are also good for your gums. If you decide to add more yogurt to your diet, choose a simple, sugar-free type.

Leafy Vegetables

Leafy vegetables are usually rich in vitamins and minerals while being low in calories. Vegetables such as cabbage and spinach promote good oral health. They are high in calcium, which makes tooth enamel. These vegetables also contain folic acid, which has many health benefits, including treating gum disease in pregnant women.


Fruits like apples may be sweet, but they are also high in fiber and water. Eating an apple causes more saliva to be secreted into your mouth and kills bacteria and food particles. The fibrous tissue of this fruit stimulates the gums. Eating an apple is not the same as brushing your teeth with toothpaste that contains fluoride, but it can kill the bacteria in your mouth as long as you do not have a chance to brush.


Carrots are high in fiber and eating them increases the production of saliva in your mouth, which in turn reduces the risk of cavities. Carrots are also a good source of vitamin A.


Celery, like carrots and apples, acts like a toothbrush, removing food particles and bacteria from your teeth. It is also a good source of vitamins A and C, which are powerful antioxidants that promote gum health.


Almonds, while low in sugar, are a good source of calcium and protein that ensure the health of your teeth.

In fact, facial swelling due to tooth infection and facial abscesses with a dental background is caused by infection or inflammation of the teeth.
Swelling and inflammation that occurs after a tooth extraction is a natural reaction of the body. Inflammation and swelling are good signs that the natural progression of root canal healing is progressing. The amount of inflammation and the duration of inflammation caused by tooth extraction varies from person to person. The amount of swelling that occurs after a tooth extraction is directly related to the amount of damage that is done to the surrounding tissues in dental surgery. If the gums and surrounding tissues become sore and severely damaged, the swelling of the tissues will increase after the tooth is extracted.

Swelling is a common problem in wisdom tooth extraction or tooth extraction surgery. In open or closed tooth extraction, the amount of swelling is significantly lower. Common causes of hyperinflation include soft tissue damage, bone damage, dislocation of the joints, and inflammation from bone fractures. The swelling usually peaks two days after tooth extraction. After the tooth is extracted, the dentist will give you tips on how to reduce the swelling.

After endodontic treatment in a healthy person, facial swelling caused by a dental infection sometimes resolves spontaneously over time. This is because the immune system of a healthy person can naturally remove infectious and inflammatory agents from the body environment and gradually reduce swelling. In some cases, the same reaction of the immune system can itself cause swelling of the face due to a tooth infection (fly-up), in which case the immune system itself is naturally able to eliminate the swelling.

When a tooth is due to swelling of the face due to a tooth infection or swelling inside the mouth, there are two treatments for these cases.
Root canal treatment and tooth preservation if possible.

Swelling of the face due to tooth infections that spread quickly can be dangerous. Swellings that are accompanied by fever and lethargy, involve the corner of the eye in such a way that it closes the eye or moves the tongue in the lower jaw and spreads under the throat, and impairs breathing, causing the patient to be hospitalized urgently. They are because they threaten the life of the patient. These cases are rarely seen, especially in recent years due to the increasing level of public health.

If your teeth hurt and your gums, face, or jaw and cheeks are swollen, your teeth are infected. Tooth decay, gum problems, or broken teeth are common causes of toothache and are the source of most dental infections.

In fact, swelling of the gums, face or jaw, and cheeks in your face, which causes inflammation, can be caused by your teeth and gums. Unfortunately, when you have a severe infection of the gums and teeth, your body’s natural reaction is to become inflamed.
Most often, facial swelling is due to a dental abscess. An abscess is a basic infection of the tooth. An abscess can be an infection that accumulates under a specific area and if left untreated, the swelling will continue and may even affect other parts of your mouth.

Prevention of facial swelling due to tooth infection:

Oral hygiene helps prevent infections and abscesses. Regular visits to the dentist and preventive treatments will help treat initial caries and prevent the infection from spreading to the bone, abscesses, and swelling.

One of the things that makes a smile less beautiful is the wear and tear on the edges of the teeth. Whether the edges of your teeth are worn or your smile line is down, in any case, you can correct your smile design by visiting a dentist and receiving the services of composite, veneer or laminate.

The length of the middle front teeth in the maxilla is usually slightly longer than other teeth and the size of canines. If the curvature of the person’s smile is downwards, the smile design becomes more beautiful and gives the person a younger appearance. If the height of your two middle teeth in the upper jaw is more than normal, then your so-called slang design will look like a rabbit and you may not be satisfied with the beauty of your smile. In such cases, the dentist uses dental composite or dental laminate to correct your smile and, according to his professional diagnosis, either shortens the edge of the middle teeth or raises the height of the side teeth.

Wide front teeth: Wide teeth on the front of your teeth make your face look fatter when you smile, and can sometimes be annoying. In these cases, the dentist uses restorative and orthodontic treatments to correct your smile by adjusting the ratio of height and width of the teeth.
It is normal for not all front teeth to be the same height, and as mentioned, the middle teeth in the upper jaw are usually slightly taller than other teeth, possibly due to wear, grinding, and abrasion of the tooth edges. Your teeth should be the same size in the smile area. This problem causes the face of the older person to be seen.

Distance between teeth: According to the dentist’s diagnosis, three orthodontic, dental composite or laminated dental methods can be used to close the middle distance between teeth.

Protruding teeth: Protruding teeth can make your smile look unattractive and cause abnormalities in the face. Usually, the dentist first treats the orthodontist and then uses a veneer or laminate.

Irregular and crowded teeth: Irregular teeth, because they are not thoroughly cleaned, make teeth prone to tooth decay and gum disease. The ideal treatment for misaligned teeth is orthodontics. If the degree of irregularity is low, and if the patient wishes and the dental diagnosis, composite dental and laminate treatments can be used to solve the problem.

Improper or incongruous color of teeth: Factors such as the use of antibiotics, scaling, and discoloration caused by other factors can cause discoloration and inconsistency of tooth color with each other.

White or brown spots on the tooth surface: If the amount of calcium in the enamel is low, they will cause white spots on the enamel. This problem can be solved with a small amount of wear, composite or dental laminate. High levels of fluoride in drinking water may also cause brown spots on the teeth, enamel wear, dental composite, dental laminate or bleaching there are ways to solve this problem.

Matching the color of the front teeth with other teeth:
If you have filled your teeth with white, they may change color after a while and may need to be polished. Some colored foods and beverages such as tea and coffee, smoking, etc. can change the color of repairs. In more severe cases, your dentist may decide that it is best to replace the filling completely.

Composite steps of front teeth: In composite front teeth, the dentist examines the patient’s mouth and teeth, if necessary, first treats other dental diseases such as gum infection, and then proceeds to composite teeth. In composite teeth, after cleaning and drying the surface of the teeth by a dentist, the composite material is placed on the teeth and using a special light, this material sticks to the teeth. The number of sessions required for a composite tooth can be limited to one session. If the patient has a tooth infection or gum disease, the number of sessions may increase. “Dental composite” does the least damage to the teeth because it does not require tooth extraction.

Complications of composite front teeth: After composite teeth, teeth may be sensitive to heat and cold for some time. This problem will be solved over time. Fractures or fillings of dental composites can also be repaired.

Veneers are not as natural as teeth and therefore can be damaged much faster than natural teeth, they need more care. It is necessary to visit the dentist periodically and once every 6 months to ensure the health of dental veneers as well as natural teeth.

To have a beautiful smile, it is necessary to have smooth and even teeth. Therefore, having large teeth, especially in the front part, will affect your beauty, and if you have large teeth, you may be dissatisfied with their appearance. This sometimes causes us so much discomfort that we even feel dissatisfied with seeing our pictures, and this is a reason to think about the treatment of these large teeth, and thus, we will go to the dental offices.

The best way to treat large teeth is to consult a cosmetic dentist, so never ask your dentist to replace these teeth with dental implants. So do not make any decisions about your teeth before consulting a cosmetic dentist. A cosmetic dentist can offer solutions that improve your smile and preserve your natural teeth.

How to fix large teeth
One method is to shrink the front teeth. But there are some considerations that this method may not be the best choice. Deformation of large front teeth can affect the appearance of canines and, in fact, make them look worse, as this can cause the teeth to misalign. Shaving teeth is usually not effective on its own, as the inner layers of the teeth will be exposed to the air, leading to sensitivity and an increased risk of tooth decay or cracking. Another method is to use dental veneers to reshape the teeth. This method uses a strong, attractive, and protective coating on the teeth to reduce sensitivity and increase durability.

A cosmetic dentist can use diamond cutters and diamond strips to fine-tune your teeth, and your teeth may need to be cut or trimmed.

Your dentist may use a retaining spring (a flexible metal piece) to align your teeth or recommend invisible clear orthodontic brackets to reposition your teeth.
If your front teeth are so large that your dentist needs to tidy them up, he or she may use dental laminate to cover the dentin in the air (the underlying layer of enamel) after the teeth have been trimmed.

No matter what treatment you receive, only a cosmetic dentist can shrink your teeth to achieve very natural results. Otherwise, we may have the opposite result and even the beauty of your smile will be drastically reduced, which will be very expensive to correct.

When you consult a cosmetic dentist to have a beautiful smile, he or she will listen carefully to your goals so that he or she is aware of your goals for going to the dentist and getting the best results. In this regard, if you are also dissatisfied with the size or shape of your teeth, it may be advisable to trim and trim teeth, veneers or laminates to change their shape.

The most effective factor in proportionate and coordinated anterior teeth is the size, shape, and position of the maxillary central. Proper proportion is the key to achieving the desired dental set and should be matched to the patient’s facial features, whether weak or strong. The maxillary centers, in order to be as beautiful as possible, must be in proportion to the shape of the face and in harmony with the dental arch. The dentist should make natural differences in shape and position and ensure that the centers are in harmony with the overall shape of the face and profile. The patient should be viewed as a whole when trying to achieve fitness. In order to achieve a perfect fit, the whole set of anterior teeth should be considered as a panel, which is framed by different parts of the face. It is only through the conscious use of rules that a pleasant relative relationship is achieved. Beauty is associated with innumerable values ​​when it comes to the harmony between the two parts.

In cosmetic dentistry, the term golden ratio is a mathematical theory about the ratio between teeth and is considered as the only mathematical tool to determine the dimensions and ratio in the order of placement of maxillary teeth from the frontal view. In fact, Lombardi was the first to apply this equation to dentistry, and Levin introduced the principles of visual perception and their use in cosmetic dentistry. It was found that modal ratios were more beneficial than others and beauty was evaluated with these ratios. These ratios can be accepted and used to some extent as the basis of dental cosmetic treatment. According to this law, the visible width of each anterior tooth is about 60% of the size of the adjacent anterior tooth, and in this case, they are considered beautiful. As a result, if the lateral width is 1, the central should be 1.618 times wider and the canine 0.618 times narrower.

A well-proportioned relationship between the teeth alone is not enough to achieve successful results, but there must be a fit between the size of the teeth and the face. In general, when we look at natural anterior teeth, there is a noticeable difference between the sizes of the lateral and central teeth. This difference is caused by specific positions and the distinction of their mesiodistal width from the facial view. Due to the rotation of the laterals in the dental arch towards the distal, these teeth are less visible. While the most dominant anterior teeth are seen in the dental arch, ie maxillary centrals in their full size. These ratios are based not on the actual size of the teeth but on their size as seen from the anterior view.

The Impact of Visual Impairment and Perspective Effects When viewing an object from a particular point of view, it may cause us to misinterpret that object. As the distance to the observed object increases, the size of the object appears to decrease and its appearance differs from reality. Hence it can be said that a shape is never seen as it is.

Although it may seem logical, this rule is difficult to implement because patients in the real world, just like different lips and different proportions of the face, have different shapes of the jaw. Lombardi stated that strict adherence to the golden ratio due to the different shape of the dental arches can be very restrictive for the dentist. In addition, he recommended the use of continuous and not necessarily limited ratios of 62%. The width-to-lateral aspect ratio should be used as seen by the viewer from the distal part.

Recently, the ratio of repeatable teeth has been raised. This theory states that the width of the teeth from the frontal view should remain constant as they move toward the distal. And instead of being constrained by the 62% ratio, the dentist should use a ratio of his choice, as long as it remains constant as he progresses to the distal. Using a repeatable tooth ratio brings more flexibility and It has been supported by recent research on the evaluation of beautiful smiles. It has been found that most proportions are supported by beautiful smiles. It has been found that most ratios in beautiful smiles do not exactly follow the golden ratio formula. In this special study, the ratios showed significant differences between men and women. And canines were wider in women than men. These findings make it clear that strict adherence to rules and regulations may not only limit creativity but can also lead to failure, given the observer’s individual and cultural environment. It is better to say that the golden ratio is rarely present in natural teeth and strict adherence to it to achieve the ideal smile can be detrimental and limit creativity. A combination of knowledge and emotion is needed to formulate and apply these rules and regulations in reality.

As mentioned, another disadvantage of the golden ratio is that it only refers to width, while everyone agrees that width alone does not make much sense. Its interpretation and reception is directly related to the ratio of length to width and the objects around them. Hence, the length-to-width ratio of the tooth alone explains the apparent width and natural continuity of these ratios. The natural smile should be in harmony with the face and display the various features of the face.

If the wisdom tooth does not have enough space to grow (impacted wisdom tooth), it can cause pain, infection, or other problems in the mouth. In this case, it is necessary to pull it. Some dentists recommend the extraction of an impacted wisdom tooth as a precaution against potential future problems, even if the tooth is not currently problematic.

Wisdom teeth are actually next to the third Asian tooth. Everyone has a set of 32 natural teeth during their adult life. Some have more than 32 teeth, a condition called hyper dentation. Some have less than 32 teeth, a condition called hypodontia. The third Asian tooth is the last adult tooth that begins to grow and grow around the age of 18-21.

Wisdom teeth usually begin to grow during adolescence or near the age of 20, but in some cases may last until the age of 30 or older. Although in some cases wisdom teeth grow without causing any problems or discomfort, not having enough space in the mouth to grow can cause problems for other teeth. Therefore, the teeth of wisdom must be extracted.

A crooked wisdom tooth puts pressure and damage on the surrounding teeth. It also damages the jaw and even the nerves around it. If the position and location of wisdom teeth are not suitable, this tooth is prone to decay; because food particles remain between the wisdom teeth and other Asian teeth, they cause decay.
If the wisdom tooth is simple, it is extracted in the usual way, but if the wisdom tooth is impacted, surgery is needed to extract it.

Wisdom tooth surgery can be performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. In local anesthesia, the surgeon injects a local anesthetic into the patient and begins working after the surgical site is anesthetized.

A cleft or incision is made at the site of surgery and the bone and root of the tooth appear. In some cases, the bone of the tooth may also need to be extracted in order to lift and extract the wisdom tooth. It may also be necessary to cut wisdom teeth to make it easier to extract wisdom teeth.

When the impacted wisdom tooth is successfully extracted, the surgical site is cleaned with water. Absorbable or non-absorbable sutures are used to suture the surgical site. In some cases, the surgical site may not need to be sutured.

After extracting wisdom teeth, it is necessary to maintain oral health and also to follow the following recommendations:

Do not rinse your mouth for the first 24 hours after tooth extraction.

Eat a soft or liquid diet (milk, ice cream, mashed potatoes, and pudding) the day you brush your teeth, and gradually start eating foods that do not require much chewing the next day. Try chewing with teeth that are pulled away from the tooth.

Brush and floss other teeth as usual, but avoid brushing your teeth and gums near the extracted tooth.

After 24 hours, after eating and before going to bed, gently brush the extracted tooth with warm salt water (pour 1.2 teaspoons of salt into a cup of water). Repeat this process for at least 5 days after tooth extraction.

Oral hygiene is very important. Unfortunately, this is still not important to many people. The source of many problems for the mouth and teeth is poor oral hygiene.

Every human being should brush his teeth three times a day. That is, brush after every meal. In addition to toothbrushes, flossing and mouth washing are also recommended by dentists. But unfortunately, people only brush their teeth once a day.

Lack of oral hygiene and its many problems

Why is brushing important after every meal? When we eat, food remains between the teeth, these food debris are removed only by brushing and flossing. Otherwise, they remain between the teeth. The bacteria produced by these nutrients gradually penetrate all the teeth. Bacteria accumulate and become dental plaque. Dental plaque is a major cause of tooth decay, gum infection, tooth loss, and other dental problems.

Plaque initially attacks the enamel and crown of the tooth, destroying it and reaching the root and living part of the tooth, the pulp. Plaque is removed only by scaling the teeth, otherwise, they become very strong and dangerous bacteria that cause decay and acute infection.

Bacteria damage the root of the tooth by destroying the tooth pulp. If tooth decay is not treated at this stage, there is a possibility of tooth loss.

In addition to preventing tooth decay, brushing also prevents bad breath.

Brushing the tongue

Most of us have a laid-back attitude when it comes to painting a picture about ourselves. If the tongue, like the teeth, is exposed to the growth of bacteria. Bacteria grow on the tongue villi and cause bad breath. Bacteria reduce the power of taste by covering the human tongue. If you brush your tongue properly, the sense of taste will be strengthened again.

Bacteria that grow on the tongue can also spread to other parts of the mouth, causing periodontal disease and tooth decay.

Choose the right toothbrush for your tongue

It is better to use special toothbrushes to brush your tongue. Some toothbrushes made for teeth can also be used for the tongue. The edge of these toothbrushes is made of a material that can be used to brush the tongue.

There is also a tongue toothbrush on the back and end of some toothbrushes that can be used to clean the tongue. In addition, pharmacies sell special toothbrushes that you can use to brush your tongue.

The correct way to brush your tongue

You need to brush your tongue once or twice a day. This does not necessarily have to be with toothpaste. You can also brush your tongue after brushing your teeth.

To brush your tongue, pull the toothbrush from the tip of your tongue to the tip of your tongue. Do this several times. You will see that white or yellow on the tongue turns red. To avoid nausea, it is better to brush your teeth vertically.

You do not need to brush your teeth close to your throat, as this can cause nausea. After brushing, you can use antibacterial mouthwashes or a solution of lukewarm water and salt to make sure.

See a dentist

Some people are prone to tooth decay and common gum infections. Everyone should see a dentist regularly. Dentists recommend that people see a dentist every 6 months to check the health of their teeth and gums.

In this annual check-up, radiographs are usually taken of the teeth. From this image, the dentist can check for tooth decay and infection and other problems.

Oral disease is painful for everyone, and it is important to take timely action to prevent further problems. Reading this guide, which categorizes various problems in simple language, will give you more insight to get to work on time.

If your mouth or jaw hurts, it may be because of a toothache. Toothache is usually a sign of cavities in the teeth, but it can also indicate gum disease. Occasionally there is a pain in the tooth caused by an abscess (pus) or a missing tooth.
In this case, you should see a dentist immediately to determine the root cause and prevent tooth loss.

Sensitive teeth
If your teeth ache when drinking hot or cold liquids, your teeth may be sensitive. This can be the result of tooth decay or fracture, loss of fillings, gum disease, erosion of the tooth surface, or root protrusion due to gingival destruction. Its treatment depends on the allergen. If you are concerned about the sensitivity of your teeth, see your dentist and let them diagnose the cause and discuss ways to treat it.

Bleeding or wounding of the gums
Bleeding or sores can be a sign of inflammation and inflammation of the gums, which are considered the early and treatable stages of gum disease; or very simply, caused by brushing hard or flossing after leaving it for a while. See your doctor or dentist if your gums are constantly bleeding, or at least bleeding so much that you are worried; because it may indicate that a workplace has a problem.

Wounded tongue
Oral ulcers come in many forms, including oral herpes, leukoplakia, and candidiasis. The severity and causes are different. In general, mouth ulcers can be a sign of an illness or disorder; ‌ For example, bacterial infection, ‌ viral or fungal infection. They can also be the result of inflammation caused by dentures, fillings, or broken edges. If the wound remains for more than a week, it must be examined by a dentist.

Bad Breath
Bad breath can have many causes, including what you eat, not brushing your teeth, dry mouth, smoking, or medical problems. If bad breath persists for a long time, it may indicate gum disease. Brushing twice a day and flossing is vital to reduce bad breath and prevent gum disease. Brushing your tongue can also help. See your dentist if you are worried about why your mouth smells bad. He or she can find the cause and guide you through the treatment.

Pain or sound in the jaw joint
There are many things that can cause these symptoms and therefore it is difficult to diagnose the cause. Possible causes include sinus problems, toothache, arthritis, injury, gingivitis, or jaw problems such as temporomandibular joint problems. The dentist may perform various tests, such as X-rays, to find the root of the pain.

Dry mouth
If your mouth is dry, it could be a sign of a medical disorder or a side effect of a certain medication. Saliva is the first barrier in the mouth to fight tooth decay and washes away and carries food and other wastes while neutralizing the acid produced by bacteria in the mouth and dispersing disease-fighting substances in the mouth. Your dentist can suggest ways to rehydrate your mouth.

Lip and tongue piercing infection
Piercing any part of the mouth can cause all kinds of problems for your health. The human mouth hosts a large number of bacteria and is, therefore, a good place to start an infection. See your dentist or doctor right away if you have any signs of an infection – swelling, pain, fever, chills, or redness around the hole.

Cracked or broken teeth
Teeth can crack or break for a variety of reasons, from grinding to injury. The crack may be visible to the naked eye or detected by photography, But it can be extremely painful and can cause bigger problems if left untreated. If you have pain when chewing, see your dentist. He can find the cause of the pain and plan treatment.

Staining or discoloration of teeth
Your teeth can stain or discolor over time. This is usually the result of eating certain foods such as coffee or tea, smoking, aging, genetics, injury, or taking certain medications. Teeth whitening can also be done using over-the-counter products or dental procedures. Of course, it is better to consult your dentist before any action.