One of the signs of beauty is having a beautiful smile. The definition of a beautiful smile, regardless of taste, usually includes neat, white teeth. Do not doubt that the first thing that makes a laugh beautiful are the teeth. The shape of the jaw and teeth has a significant effect on your satisfaction with the smile . Sometimes some of us feel flaws in the shape of our teeth, but we do not know where the main problem is.

Is it tidy enough? Is it as white as it should be? Is the fit between the teeth observed? These and many other questions may nail anyone in front of a mirror for hours, but your problem may not be any of these, and only the small gaps between the two front teeth make your smile different; what you may think is hereditary and nothing can be done about it, but a dentist explains ways to close these gaps.

Naturally, your teeth should be spaced far enough apart to allow a floss to pass through. In some people, this distance is more than a floss and maybe as much as a centimeter. There are several possible causes for this problem. The first and most important cause is genetics; This means that you may have inherited the large jaw gene from one parent and the small teeth gene from another parent, resulting in a large gap between your teeth.

Lack of some end teeth, as well as gum disease can cause gaps between teeth. There are two invasive and non-invasive methods to close the gap between the teeth. The non-invasive method is the use of orthodontics, which can almost be said to be the best of the available methods. In the invasive method, a tooth needs to be cut, sometimes the whole tooth has to be cut, and sometimes it is enough to cut one side of it.

Spaces larger than two millimeters cannot be filled with composite, as the teeth become too wide and the beauty desired by the patient is not met. For this reason, if there is a lot of space between the teeth, people should usually go for orthodontics, because despite the long time, the result is predictable and the patient does not lose any tooth tissue. One of the safest and best ways to close the gap between teeth is orthodontics at an early age. This treatment helps to close the gap between the teeth in many cases.

Orthodontics is usually the best treatment if your jaw base is good and your teeth are not too large. Even if you do not have orthodontics as a child, you can still use this treatment until middle age, so do not make excuses for doing so, “We are gone!” If you want to choose orthodontic treatment to close the gap between your teeth in adulthood, you can ask your dentist to use the same color ceramic clamps or brackets for your teeth so that you do not have problems with appearance. Orthodontics helps teeth fit together in a row. In this case, it will be easier to observe oral health.

Some people’s teeth suddenly break vertically. Why does this sometimes happen?

It is good to know that the pressures from chewing food are applied to the teeth in a balanced and appropriate way, and the teeth also transfer this pressure to the upper and lower jaws, but if a person loses several teeth for any reason, the force that When chewing enters the rest of the teeth by the masticatory muscles, it will be more than normal and each tooth’s share of the chewing pressure will be higher than normal. In such cases, vertical breakage of the tooth, which usually extends to the root, is expected. This condition is more common in teeth that have been denervated due to extensive caries or have large fillings. The pressure on the tooth may also be too high and cause it to crack, which over time can become a large fracture.

Some of the cracks that form in the enamel are adverse reactions to cold, hot, and sweet foods. A sign of some cracks that form at the root of the tooth is that the tooth hurts when you press your teeth together.

Fractures of denervated teeth are associated with symptoms such as dental abscesses, meaning that bacteria invade the tissues around the root of the tooth from the fracture site and can cause inflammation and infection of the gums.

In most cases, the cracks on the crown of the tooth can be repaired well, but in most cases, if the crack has occurred in the root of the tooth, it is not curable. Especially if a vertical root fracture has occurred, its treatment will not be successful in the long run. But does the occurrence depend on the sex of the tooth, the dental procedures performed on the tooth, such as fillings and denervation?

Vertical root canal fracture is an unfortunate occurrence in the treatment of the root canal (tooth denervation), which often results in tooth extraction. Its clinical signs and symptoms are often similar to those of failed root canal treatments.
What are the symptoms of this type of fracture?

The vertical fracture of the root begins at the crown of the tooth and the surface of the gum and extends to the root of the tooth, eventually causing the tooth to split in two. However, the symptoms of a vertical root fracture are different in teeth with nerves and teeth that do not have nerves due to severe inflammation or infection or denervation. In living teeth (healthy teeth without denervation), while the tooth will be sensitive to the stimuli of cold and heat, the sensitivity to pain is also felt while chewing.

What are the side effects of neglecting treatment?

Neglecting the treatment of any disease has consequences for the person. In the field of dentistry, delays in diagnosis and treatment are associated with medical problems or other complications for the person, including vertical tooth fractures. Because these teeth are often not maintainable, they cannot be repaired, and the only treatment is to extract and replace them with implants or dentures.

Is it possible for a vertical tooth fracture to occur asymptomatically?

People need to know the symptoms of this type of fracture and not ignore it. The onset of this problem in denervated teeth is accompanied by symptoms such as dental abscess, meaning that bacteria invade the tissues around the root of the tooth from the fracture site and can cause inflammation, gum infection and cavities.

In such cases, the dentist will first perform clinical examinations, then with further examinations through radiography will seek to discover the cause of the patient’s discomfort. Of course, diagnosing this type of fracture is not easy for the dentist. The dentist can use newer diagnostic tools in cases where this type of fracture is not visible in the photograph due to the two-dimensional nature of the radiograph. Undoubtedly, by early detection of a tooth crack, the dentist can prevent it from turning into a fracture and cause more pain and discomfort.

A veneer is a shell or layer that is made of materials of the same color as the teeth of people and is used to cover the front surface of teeth that may not look good due to distance, different colors, or they are deformed and crooked. Veneers are usually made in the laboratory by a dentist and based on a model prepared by a dentist. To place the veneer on the tooth, it is necessary to remove a small amount of enamel, so the use of veneers is not reversible. Some foods and beverages may cause the veneer to discolor.

When are veneers used?

On the recommendation of dentists, veneers are used in the following cases:

-Lifting short teeth
-Modify the smile design
-Correction of bad color and deformity of teeth without orthodontics in the upper and lower jaw
-Close the space between the teeth
-Increase the beauty and clarity of teeth

Patients who have veneers have to take regular care of their mouths and teeth, they should brush and floss at least twice a day, as well as rinse their mouths with an antiseptic mouthwash. Veneers do not need special treatment. Your dentist may advise you to avoid foods and beverages such as coffee, tea, or wine. Veneers last between about 15 years but can chip or break over time. Small chips can be repaired, but in most cases, new coatings are needed.

Some pros of veneers include:

– They create a natural look and a beautiful smile boosts your confidence and self-esteem
– Porcelain veneers are stain-resistant
– The dental procedure is painless and fast

Cons of veneers include:

– Because the enamel is removed, your teeth may become more sensitive to hot and cold food and drinks
– It is an irreversible process, meaning you can’t change your mind afterwards if you don’t like them
– The springs may not exactly match the color of your teeth.
– Veneers are not suitable for the growing mouth

Women’s jawbone does not stop growing until they are about 17 years old. Male jawbone growth may not stop until about age 20. As a general rule, dentists advise patients under this age to wait before receiving porcelain veneers – even if their teeth are damaged. Some dentists may transplant veneers for patients younger than this age, but it depends on the circumstances.

Adolescents are still growing significantly and are therefore not a good choice for laminate grafting. If a laminate is grafted too soon, the condition of the gums and teeth may change with future growth, and this will damage the beauty of the laminate. For example, the gap between the laminate and the gums may become noticeable over time.

If your teeth have become discolored for no apparent reason and other symptoms have appeared, see a dentist to diagnose the cause and recommend the appropriate treatment.

There are several reasons for discolored teeth, including:

1. Food and drink: Coffee, tea, soft drinks, some juices and vegetable juices (such as apple juice and tomato juice) can cause staining of teeth.

2. Tobacco: Smoking or chewing tobacco can stain teeth.

3. Not keeping the teeth clean: Regular brushing and flossing can remove plaque and toothpaste such as coffee and tobacco and prevent tooth discoloration.

4. Disease: Different diseases can affect the enamel (hard surface on the teeth) and dentin (the material under the enamel) and cause discoloration of the teeth. Some treatments can also affect tooth color. For example, radiotherapy (radiation therapy) of the neck and head and chemotherapy can cause discoloration of the teeth. In addition, some infections in pregnant mothers can affect the growth of fetal enamel.

5. Medications: Giving tetracycline and doxycycline antibiotics to children under the age of 8 whose teeth are still growing can cause tooth discoloration. Using some mouthwashes can cause tooth decay. Antihistamines (such as Benadryl), antipsychotics, and high blood pressure medications can also change the color of teeth.

6. Dental Procedures: Some materials used in dentistry, such as dental fillings and especially materials containing silver sulfide, cause a blackish-gray color in the teeth.

7. Aging: With age, the outer layer of tooth enamel gradually wears away and reveals the natural yellow color of dentin (dentin is under the enamel) and causes tooth discoloration.

8. Hereditary and genetic factors in tooth discoloration: Some people genetically have lighter or darker teeth than others.

9. Environmental factors: Excessive use of fluoride causes discoloration of teeth. This extra fluoride can enter the body through natural sources (such as high-fluoride drinking water) or mouthwash, toothpaste, fluoride therapy in children, or supplementation.

10. Injuries: For example, injuries caused by falling in children and trauma to the teeth, can disrupt the formation of tooth enamel, because children’s teeth are still growing. Injuries can also cause tooth discoloration in adults.

By making a few simple lifestyle changes, you can prevent tooth discoloration, for example, if you drink a lot of coffee or smoke, reduce or even cut it down.

Also, brush and floss regularly to keep your teeth clean, and see an dental hygienist every to clean your teeth.

A mouthguard is a cover that is placed on the teeth and is often used to protect the teeth from damage against bruxism (teeth grinding) and during exercise. There are different types of mouthguards:

Prefabricated and Ready To Use: They are inexpensive and can be purchased at most good sports stores and pharmacies. However, little work is done to adjust their fit, they are bulky, difficult to breathe and speak, and have little protection. Dentists do not recommend using it.

Boil & Bite Mouthguards: You can also buy Boyle & Bite mouthguards at many sporting goods stores, and they may be more convenient than ready-made bodyguards. The Boil & Bite mouthguard is made of thermoplastic material. To soften, it is placed in warm water, then placed in the mouth and formed using finger and tongue pressure around the teeth.

Custom mouthguards are designed and manufactured separately in the dentist’s office or professional laboratory according to the dentist’s instructions. First, your dentist molds your teeth, and then a mouthguard is created on the model using a special material. Due to the use of special materials and extra time and work, this custom mouthguard is more expensive than other types, but it gives you the most comfort and protection.

In general, mouthguards only cover your upper teeth, but in some cases (such as using a brace or fixed tooth device), your dentist will also provide mouth guards for the lower teeth. Your dentist can suggest the best mouthguard for you. An effective mouth guard should be comfortable, tear-resistant, durable and easy to clean, and should not restrict your breathing or speech.

Mouthguards should be used by anyone (children and adults) who plays contact sports such as football, boxing, ice hockey, basketball, polo and field hockey. However, even people who use non-contact sports (eg gymnastics) and any recreational activity (eg skateboarding, mountain biking) that may pose a risk of mouth injury may use mouthguards.