Orthodontics is one of the specialized dental treatments that aims to correct dental irregularities, correct the misalignment of two rows of teeth (malocclusion) and regulate the growth of teeth in the appropriate direction and correct the smile pattern. In this treatment, a fixed or movable device and sometimes rubber bands are used to apply pressure to the teeth and guide them to a suitable position.

Types of orthodontics: As mentioned, two types of devices are used during the treatment period. Fixed and mobile devices.

Fixed orthodontic appliance: In fixed orthodontics, the dentist or orthodontist attaches brackets to the person’s teeth with a special adhesive and then passes a wire or wire through them. During the time this device is on the teeth, the pressure exerted by the wires and brackets pulls the teeth to the correct position. The advantage of fixed orthodontics is to create more pressure and influence on regulating the movement of teeth towards the desired location.

What is invisible orthodontics?: Today, different types of orthodontic brackets and wires are marketed. Brackets and wires are available in the market with invisible and transparent, colored, matte, metallic and shiny appearance, and people can choose the appropriate type according to their taste and age. Transparent brackets and wires, due to their invisible appearance, have attracted less attention and are therefore more popular. There is another type of invisible orthodontic appliance that attaches to the space behind the teeth and is therefore not visible from the outside of the mouth.

Apart from the above, there is another system for invisible orthodontics, which is made in the form of transparent sheets in the laboratory and is placed on the tooth over time to correct the rotation of the teeth, this method is only used in cases where the tooth decay is very minor and does not require tooth extraction.

Cleaning teeth during orthodontics is very important. To clean teeth with a fixed orthodontic appliance, special interdental toothbrushes are used. Using this type of toothbrush, you must carefully clean the space between the teeth and the wire of the device. Using a toothbrush and floss after each meal will prevent food particles from getting caught between the wires and the brackets. Food jams between the teeth and the device are serious and should be removed after each meal; because these food residues cause acid production and tooth decay. In addition, plaque and plaque on the teeth will cause the teeth to discolor after removal of the device.

Removable orthodontic appliance: These orthodontic appliances are, in fact, a transparent mold that is made specifically for each person’s teeth. The advantage of using these mobile devices is that the person can easily take it out while eating and put it back in the mouth after thorough cleaning. It is much easier to clean and brush with removable orthodontics. The removable orthodontic appliance creates a beautiful effect due to the lack of brackets and wires, and its transparent glass appearance, and has been welcomed by teenagers and young people; But you should note that the appropriate type should be selected according to the dentist’s instructions. In cases where the irregularity of the teeth is very severe, the use of removable orthodontics does not help to improve the condition of the teeth.

The right time to start treatment The best time to start orthodontic treatment is when all of your baby’s baby teeth have grown. The teeth and jaw bones of a child at this age have enough flexibility and respond well to treatment. Generally 12 to 15 years old is the golden period for treatment. Then, with age, the treatment of dental irregularities may be delayed and slow.

Cavities of the front tooth, in addition to being painful and annoying to the affected person, endangering the health and impairing the appearance and beauty of the person, may also have significant effects. The incisors, which are eight teeth and consist of four upper teeth and four lower teeth, appear at 6-8 months and in addition to their important role in eating, are an important and significant part of the smile design. The correction process performed in this area of ​​the mouth is very important.

Dental fillings are the most commonly used method by dentists to remove cavities, even for front teeth. When many people think of filling their teeth, they think of filling silver that is easily seen. However, dentists often use fillings that are the same color as the tooth to fill and remove front tooth decay. These fillers allow you to have a beautiful smile even after treatment.

In cases where the front tooth is severely decayed and it is not possible to fill the tooth with tooth-colored restorative materials, two treatment methods can be used. In the first method, root canal treatment is performed and then the appearance of the tooth is restored with a dental veneer. I recommend choosing a veneer for the front teeth that is exactly the same color as the other teeth and is not whiter and shinier than your natural teeth. One wrong choice can lead to incomplete teeth.

The second method is the use of dental implants or dental implants. This method is recommended if the gum tissue is healthy and the cavities of the front tooth is so large that it requires tooth extraction. After extraction, a completely natural implant that is the same color as your natural teeth will replace the lost tooth.

Of course, it is better to think about preventing this problem before eliminating the cavities. Regular visits to the dentist will provide your children with a beautiful smile and healthy teeth. Prevention begins at home. As soon as the first teeth start to grow, you can clean your child’s teeth with a finger toothbrush. When your children are old enough, give them the training they need to brush their teeth twice a day to keep their teeth healthy. Flossing to remove food that is stuck between the teeth, as well as using mouthwash, play an important role in preventing plaque and tooth decay, especially on the front teeth. Apart from this, it is a good idea to keep your front teeth healthy. Limit sweets and sugary drinks. Excessive consumption of these sweeteners can cause tooth decay, which is the first step towards cavities and subsequent problems for a person’s teeth (whether child or adult). Every person (even if they were only one year old) should be examined by a dentist for periodic examinations at least once (for example, once every six months) to check the health of their teeth.

Also, prevention methods such as fluoride therapy can prevent tooth decay. Fluoride therapy can be done in schools by health professionals and in a short time without any pain on the part of the child. Also, fluoride therapy can be done in private offices and و and by doing the above and also emphasizing the observance of oral hygiene, to prevent decay and cavities, especially in the front teeth and maintain dental health and also from Avoid spending a lot of money to treat front tooth decay

Toothaches are one of the most uncomfortable sensations that usually comes to us at night and its pain cannot be denied. We all like to go to bed and sleep peacefully at the end of a long day. However, many people are deprived of this peace and will face problems such as toothache. Unfortunately, this pain is very frustrating and one of the biggest difficulties is that you do not have access to a doctor.

Why do toothaches come to us at night? The general definition of the cause of toothache at night is that when we lie down, the pressure in the head area increases. When standing, due to gravity and blood pressure, there is some pressure in the arteries of the head and neck, and as we lie down, the internal pressure of the arteries increases. This chamber is located around the hard tissue of the tooth and in addition to the blood vessels, there are also tooth nerves in this chamber. In the supine position, when the pressure on the arteries increases, the pressure is also applied to the adjacent nerves and there is a feeling of pain in the teeth.

In addition to the general explanation mentioned above, there are various other reasons for this that unfortunately cause bad pain in our teeth. For this reason, we will continue to examine the reasons for this.

The simplest and most common cause of this is stuck food residue between the gums and teeth. The skin of apples, puffs, nuts or seeds can be part of the food that causes more pain by sticking to the toothpaste, which is eliminated by brushing and flossing.

Many people grit their teeth at night; Especially when they have too much stress. If you have a habit of grinding your teeth, then wait for jaw burning or toothache at night or in the morning. However, despite the infection or decay, the pain is exacerbated by bruxism.

Lower head when lying down at night can increase blood flow to the head and make the tooth feel rejected.

Tooth decay is also a factor for toothache at night.

Sinus infections can also put pressure on the maxillary teeth and cause toothache and jaw pain.

Pulpitis is also one of the most common types of pain, which is a serious infection and will cause inflammation, swelling, pressure and pain.

Sometimes you may be so busy during the day that you do not even notice your toothache. In this case, you think that toothache only occurs in your mouth at night. So at night, you should warm your head to see a doctor as soon as possible and find out the cause.

Foods that you eat at night, especially late, can cause your toothache at night. Cold, acidic, hot or high-sugar drinks at night can cause burning and sensitivity of your teeth; Especially if you have gum disease, tooth decay or other problems.

Try to keep your head above your body while sleeping: For this purpose, you should use a relatively thick pillow or several pillows. This prevents pressure on the bloodstream in your head and mouth. Holding the head up will also help relieve pain and improve blood circulation and reduce swelling and inflammation.

Home treatment of toothache:

Observe oral hygiene routine: Your mouth should be free of any contaminants that cause pain. So before going to bed, be sure to brush and leave it for two minutes and then use fluoride and floss. This will allow any food residue to come out of your teeth and eliminate the pain.

Apply some olive oil to the sore spot: This method is effective and eliminates pain and discomfort.

When your gums become sore and sore, rinse your mouth with salt water: This will keep your mouth free of any dirt, sores or infections.
To manage pain in the short term, you can use painkillers that eliminate inflammation and toothache: Of course, if in doubt, consult a doctor before using painkillers

If you see swelling in your gums or face, you can use an ice pack or cold compress to relieve the inflammation and soothe the sore spot. However, all of the above solutions only relieve pain in the short term, and you should see a dentist for permanent pain relief.

It is good to know that the pressures from chewing food are applied to the teeth in a balanced and appropriate way, and the teeth also transfer this pressure to the upper and lower jaws, but if a person loses several teeth for any reason, the force that when chewing enters the rest of the teeth by the masticatory muscles, it will be more than normal and each tooth’s share of the chewing pressure will be higher than normal. In such cases, vertical fracture of the tooth, which usually extends to the root, is expected.

This condition is more common in teeth that have been denervated due to extensive cavities or have large fillings. The pressure on the tooth may also be too high and cause it to crack, which over time can become a large fracture.

Some of the cracks that form in the enamel are allergies to cold and heat and sweet foods. A sign of some cracks that form at the root of the tooth is that the tooth hurts when you press your teeth together.

Fractures of denervated teeth are associated with symptoms such as dental abscesses, meaning that bacteria invade the tissues around the root of the tooth from the fracture site and can cause inflammation and infection of the gums.

In most cases, the cracks on the crown of the tooth can be repaired well, but in most cases, if the crack has occurred in the root of the tooth, it is not curable. Especially if a vertical root fracture has occurred, its treatment will not be successful in the long run.

Vertical root fracture is an unfortunate event in the treatment of the root canal (tooth denervation) that often causes the tooth to be extracted. Its clinical signs and symptoms are often similar to those of failed root canal treatments.

What are the effects of neglecting treatment?

Neglecting the treatment of any disease has consequences for the person. In the field of dentistry, delays in diagnosis and treatment are associated with medical problems or other complications for the person, including vertical tooth fractures. Because these teeth are often unmaintainable, they cannot be repaired, and the only treatment is to extract and replace them with implants or dentures.

Is it possible for a vertical tooth fracture to occur asymptomatically?

People should know the symptoms of this type of fracture and not ignore it. The onset of this problem in denervated teeth is accompanied by symptoms such as dental abscess, meaning that bacteria invade the tissues around the root of the tooth from the fracture site and can cause inflammation, gum infection and cavities.

In such cases, the dentist will first perform clinical examinations, then with further examinations through radiography will seek to discover the cause of the patient’s discomfort. Of course, diagnosing this type of fracture is not easy for the dentist. The dentist can use newer diagnostic tools in cases where this type of fracture is not visible in the photograph due to the two-dimensional nature of the radiograph. Undoubtedly, with early detection of tooth decay, the dentist can prevent it from turning into a fracture and causing more pain and discomfort.