The most common and well-known type of gum disease is gingivitis, a condition that includes inflammation in the gums and around the crown of the gums that results from the development and accumulation of plaque in the gum line. Symptoms include red and swollen gums as well as bleeding. Is the gums, which may be seen on your toothbrush during a dental test.

Bad breath is often noticeable, and gingivitis is also caused by certain health conditions and changes in medication alone. Hormonal changes such as puberty and pregnancy aggravate the disease if there are bacteria in the dental plaque. Dentists call this type of disease pubertal gingivitis or gestational gestation.

Pregnant women have a higher risk of developing periodontal disease during pregnancy, so they should be aware of the need for intermittent cleaning during this period.

Gingivitis : This painful gum condition is a condition in which dental plaque builds up in the gum line, causing the gums to become irritated and sensitive, sometimes causing bleeding.

Viral infection: Often the cause of swelling is a serious infection that must be removed, in the case of swollen gums is one of the causes of infection that causes dental plaque. Dental plaque increases fluid and white blood cells in that area, causing gingivitis.


Allergy to toothpaste or mouthwash

Side effects of some medications such as: painkillers before surgery dilantin (phenotoin) antiepileptic drug or phenobarbital antiepileptic drug, sleeping pills

Vitamin C deficiency, B vitamins and calcium deficiency

A fungal disease called candidiasis

Broken tooth

Treatment of gingivitis

Peppermint oil: To remove the swelling of the gums naturally, it is enough to combine 10 drops of peppermint oil with warm water and rinse your mouth with the obtained solution daily.

Peppermint tea: Peppermint tea also improves pain and inflammation of the gums, just pour some fresh or dried mint leaves into a glass of boiling water. Then sip it after a few minutes.

Green tea: Boil some green tea and after cooling, wash the gums with it and then brush carefully.

Brine: Pour some salt into a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth several times a day with this solution to reduce swelling, inflammation and even bleeding gums.

Clove oil: To reduce swelling of the gums, just apply some clove oil to the gums. The composition of this oil greatly reduces the inflammation, swelling and pain caused by gingival infections. Of course, it may be accompanied by a slight burning sensation.

Aloe Vera: Aloe vera has a wonderful effect in treating gingivitis. Massage swollen gums with aloe vera pulp and rinse your mouth after a few minutes.

Chew fresh vegetables and fruits: Chewing fresh vegetables and fruits kills infections and bacteria in the mouth and gums and cleans teeth. Eat more foods rich in vitamin C and fiber, such as broccoli, bell peppers, and carrots.

Fresh lemon juice: Using a combination of warm water and fresh lemon juice reduces gingivitis and even eliminates the cause of bad breath, just gargle with this solution twice a day.

Baking soda: Add some baking soda to a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth with this solution after brushing.

Roses and sour lemon juice: To quickly get rid of gingivitis, just mix a little fresh lemon juice with rose extract and gargle with it and keep it in your mouth for a few minutes and then throw it away. Repeat this three times a day for full effect.

Prevent gingivitis: A soft, quality toothbrush, especially its rechargeable model, should be used twice a day to reduce the risk of developing the disease. Flossing, like other things that can be done for oral hygiene, such as mouthwashes and interdental cleaning devices, reduces the chances of gingivitis.

People who have experienced the disease may want to improve their gingival defenses by using stronger toothpaste.

The best way to prevent gingivitis is to see a dentist or oral hygienist for regular grooming twice a year.

In some cases, your child may need to have a tooth extracted. Pediatric dentists usually recommend that these extractions be performed in different positions. Here are some things in which a child may need to have a tooth extracted.

Severely damaged teeth: If your child has a mouth injury, he or she may break his or her teeth or become loose from the impact. This could be due to a car accident, sports injury, skating boarding time, cycling, or a variety of other reasons. In such cases, you should make an appointment with an emergency dentist as soon as possible. They can examine the child and help if the tooth is compensable.

In some cases, the pediatric dentist puts a veneer or cap on the broken tooth, but in other cases, this may not be the only way to save the tooth. So the dentist sees the possibility of needing a tooth extraction. The child can be placed under local anesthesia in addition to receiving nitric oxide. So it will be a painless method.

Decayed teeth: There have also been cases where a child’s teeth may be so decayed that they need to be pulled. For example, if a child has very deep caries in his front baby teeth, the dentist recommends that the tooth be extracted. However, this usually happens in very severe cases.

Caries occur when the sugar in food and beverages is eaten by bacteria in the mouth and produces acid. Every time your baby eats sugary foods, these acids attack the enamel, causing it to soften and break down. The acid attack may continue for up to an hour after eating or drinking sugary foods, until the natural salts in the saliva re-enamel and harden the enamel. It is not just sugar that can damage teeth: Other types of carbohydrates can also be consumed by bacteria and produce acid. (These are “fermentable” carbohydrates: for example, “hidden sugars” in processed foods, natural sugars in fruits, and cooked starches.) Always pay attention to the contents.

Eating sugary and acidic foods and drinking between meals can increase the chance of decay because your baby’s teeth are constantly attacked and they do not have time to recover. That’s why it’s important for your child not to eat sugary foods on a regular basis throughout the day.

Extraction of wisdom teeth: Wisdom tooth extraction usually occurs when the patient is a teenager, but in some cases, dentists recommend that younger children can also have their teeth extracted. This surgical procedure can be performed under local anesthesia.

Preparation for orthodontic treatment: One of the reasons dentists always try to hold their child’s teeth is because they can be a guide for their permanent and adult teeth. Basically, baby teeth play the role of a permanent tooth retainer. Prevents other teeth from moving to the point where the adult tooth has already grown.

However, in some cases, dentists need to take the opposite approach. Instead of saving and maintaining deciduous teeth that preserve permanent tooth space, deciduous teeth need to be extracted. If that tooth has crowded the child’s mouth, or blocked the growth of a new tooth, tooth extraction is necessary. This is usually done as part of orthodontic treatment.

Gum disease is a type of gingivitis that is usually caused by a bacterial infection. If gum disease is not treated in time, it can lead to a more serious infection called periodontitis. Gum disease and periodontitis are the main causes of tooth loss in adults.

Causes of gum disease: Your gums are usually attached to your teeth at points lower and deeper than the edges of the gums we see on the surface. This condition of the gums and teeth creates a space between them. Food particles may get trapped inside this space, causing gum infection or gum disease.

Dental plaque is a thin layer of plaque made up of bacteria. This layer forms continuously on the surface of your teeth. As plaque expands and thickens, it becomes a harder layer of tooth mass called tartar. When plaque forms in the lower part of the gum line, it can cause an infection in this part.

If gum disease is not diagnosed and treated early, it can cause the gums to separate from the teeth. In this case, the soft tissues around the tooth and the bone that supports the tooth are also damaged. As a result, the tooth may become loose and unstable. If the infection progresses further than this, your teeth may eventually disappear or you may need to have your teeth extracted by a dentist.

Risk factors that can cause gum disease include:

Smoking or chewing tobacco


Taking certain medications (such as birth control pills, oral steroids, antiepileptic drugs, calcium channel blockers, and medications used for chemotherapy)

Crooked and irregular teeth

Prostheses (dentures) and night guards (mouth guards) that are not well placed.

Fracture or cracking of tooth filling


Genetic factors

Immune system disorders (such as people living with AIDS or HIV)

Signs and symptoms of gum disease: Many people do not know they have gum disease. A person may have gum disease without any obvious symptoms. However, the following are the most important symptoms of gum disease.

Redness, tenderness, and swelling of the gums

Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing

Decomposition of the gums or its separation from the teeth

Loosening of teeth

Changes in the way teeth are stacked when biting or chewing food (dental malformation)

Formation of plaque or pus between the teeth and gums

Toothache when chewing food

Sensitivity and vulnerability of teeth

Change the way dentures fit inside your mouth so that they no longer fit in your mouth.

Bad breath that does not go away after brushing your teeth.

Diagnoses of Gum Disease: During the examination, the condition of your gums is checked using a small drawing line. This test is done to diagnose any possible infection at the gum site. The size of the envelopes around your teeth is also measured in this way. The usual depth of the envelopes is between 1 and 3 mm. Your dentist may also order an x-ray of your teeth to check for possible bone damage.

Talk to your dentist about the risk factors for gum disease and the symptoms of these diseases. This will help you to better diagnose yourself if you have gum disease. If the tests show that you have gum disease, your dentist may refer you to a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in treating gum disease.

Treatment of gum disease: To treat periodontitis, it is necessary to observe good oral hygiene. You should also quit smoking and control your diabetes. Other treatments for gum disease include deep cleaning and scaling of teeth, the use of antibiotics, and surgery.

There are several methods that can be used to deep clean teeth without surgery. All of these methods prevent periodontitis by removing plaque and tartar.

Scaling removes tartar from the upper and lower parts of the gum line.

Deep scaling removes hard, rough stains on the tooth and removes infected parts of the tooth.

A laser that removes tartar stains and is associated with less pain and bleeding compared to scaling and scaling.


There are several medications that can be used to treat gum disease:

Antibiotic mouthwash that contains chlorhexidine and can be used to disinfect the mouth.

Antibiotic microspheres made of minocycline can be placed in sachets after scaling and scaling.


If none of the non-surgical treatments for your gum infection work, your dentist may recommend surgery. There are several different surgeries to treat gingivitis, including gingivectomy, flap surgery, and even tooth extraction.

Disruption of hormonal balance during pregnancy may cause toothache during this period. In addition, elevated levels of estrogen and progesterone can make pregnant women more susceptible to infection and tooth decay. Toothache in pregnancy can also be caused by gum disease, wisdom teeth, gingivitis, tooth decay and calcium deficiency (due to the fetus’ need for calcium).

Treatment of toothache in pregnancy:

Toothache treatment is very important in pregnancy, because if not treated in time, this pain may lead to gum disease and in more severe cases, adverse effects on the fetus. On the other hand, the treatment of toothache in pregnancy has challenges due to the prohibition of using X-rays for photography and the use of some drugs.

Many women are very cautious about taking painkillers and prescription drugs during pregnancy because they can cause harm to the fetus. However, advanced medical treatments are very safe for the fetus today.

The best way to treat toothache in pregnancy at any time during pregnancy is to see a dentist. But in addition to going to the dentist and receiving a variety of painkillers, there are several home remedies, natural and without side effects for temporary relief of pain that you can use. These methods include:

Use of cloves for toothache in pregnancy:

One of the most effective pain relievers for pregnant women is the use of cloves or clove oil. You can chew cloves or dip a cotton ball in clove oil and put it on your teeth. The antimicrobial properties of cloves can immediately relieve pain.

Use of warm compresses for toothache in pregnancy:

Soak a cloth in warm water and place it outside the mouth on the cheek and where you feel pain. This method temporarily relieves and reduces pain.

Use of ice packs to treat toothache in pregnancy:

One of the safest and most effective treatments for toothache for pregnant women is the use of cold compresses on the sore spot. You can soak a cloth in ice water or place an ice pack outside the mouth on the sore spot. This method reduces pain by numbing the nerves in that area.

Using onions for toothache in pregnancy:

Chewing some raw onions for 3 minutes can reduce toothache. If the toothache is severe enough to prevent chewing, you can put some raw onion on the aching tooth.

Use of garlic for toothache in pregnancy:

Garlic is an old treatment for relieving toothache. During pregnancy, you can chew garlic or put crushed garlic on your teeth. Garlic contains antibiotics and allicin, which kills bacteria. As the number of bacteria decreases, so does the toothache. Garlic therapy is one of the methods to relieve immediate pain.

Use of spinach leaves for toothache in pregnancy:

Chew raw spinach leaves or crush them directly on the sore spot.

Avoid sugary foods:

If you have a toothache during pregnancy, you should avoid eating sweets and foods that contain sugar, because these substances lead to an increase in dental plaque and more toothache.

Brushing your teeth with warm water:

The easiest way to treat a toothache is to brush your teeth with warm water. You can add a very small amount of salt to lukewarm water and brush your teeth. Brushing your teeth, in addition to relieving pain, removes food particles left between the teeth.

Cause of toothache in pregnancy:

There are several possible causes for toothache in pregnancy. These factors include:

Nausea and morning sickness due to stomach acid entering the mouth may be a cause of toothache during pregnancy and tooth decay.

Hormonal imbalance may also be another cause of toothache in pregnancy because with the imbalance of female hormones in this period, the risk of gingivitis and various diseases of the teeth and gums increases.

Also, during pregnancy, the body’s sources of calcium are reduced due to the supply of calcium needed by the fetus, and if you do not receive enough calcium, the enamel is destroyed and causes toothache.

Changes in the pregnant mother’s diet during pregnancy may also be the cause of toothache during pregnancy. To avoid dental problems during this period, it is better to avoid consuming too much dairy or sugar products.

During pregnancy, due to the sensitivity of the teeth and gums, brushing may be difficult, which in itself can cause problems for the teeth.

Tooth extraction in pregnancy:

Most dentists avoid tooth extraction during pregnancy because it requires special care and attention during pregnancy to prevent any damage to the fetus.
However, extraction of teeth during pregnancy is sometimes necessary, such as causing severe and incurable caries or spreading infection. Here are some of the symptoms that indicate the need for tooth extraction in pregnancy:

Causing swelling and inflammation of the gums;

Bleeding gums;

Creating problems when speaking;

Severe pain in the gums and teeth;

Having trouble eating food;

Severe tooth decay.

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It’s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush. Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue.

It is mainly inherited, but environmental or allergic factors can also occur. it is a small sore that is white, gray with a red border on various parts of the mouth, including the tongue, inside the cheeks, and the surface.

Oral thrush is not contagious and heals on its own after a week, but sometimes the disease becomes so painful and makes it difficult to eat that people generally try to treat the disease as soon as possible to lose Get rid of your pest.

Pests occur in 3 types. Pests that are small and 80% common. Large pests that are 10 percent common and herpes pests that are also 10 percent common and people get infected.

Symptoms of oral thrush:

Round white or gray sores with red circles

Ulcers in the mouth that are shallow and small and have a red border and occur in the throat, gums, cheeks and even behind the lips.

Pain or burning in the mouth bothers the person the most when eating, and if it appears on the lips, the person experiences more pain because the person experiences pain and tolerance when talking and laughing.

Causes of mouth sores:


Injury to the mouth and gums when brushing

Hormonal changes, especially in women due to menstruation

Deficiency of vitamin b12 and folic acid in the body

Digestive problems

Quitting Smoking

Oral cancer

Head and neck radiotherapy

The presence of herpes virus in the body

Diagnosis of oral thrush:

Blood test

Evaluation of vitamin B12 and folic acid levels in the body

Cultivation of wounds

Treatment of oral thrush:

The pest usually heals on its own after one to two weeks, but in order to reduce the time of this disease, it can be treated earlier with home methods.

Avoid certain foods: To treat the pest, it is better to avoid spicy, salty and acidic foods because these foods stop the healing process and the pest disappears later, and also avoid hot foods to reduce your pain and do not get pain.

Wash with salt: Saline solution in the mouth for 30 seconds and by raising the concentration of sodium chloride and collecting membrane water around the mouth helps to heal abscesses and mouth ulcers.

Ice: Sucking ice during burning and inflammation in the mouth relieves pain and also reduces blood flow to the area due to the cold ice and reduces inflammation and redness in that area.

Black tea: Using tea bags directly on the pest is one of the ways to treat this disease, or you can use iced tea as a mouthwash and take it out of your mouth. The presence of tannins in the tea will heal your wounds.

Zinc: Zinc deficiency or zinc can be one of the causes of pests. Daily consumption of zinc 50 to 100% helps to eliminate the pest of your mouth, but for long-term use of this drug must be under the supervision of a doctor and self-medication of this drug Do not use.

Vitamin E: Another treatment for oral plague is to open the vitamin E capsule and place it directly on the affected area, and this method, due to covering the wound surface and preventing infection, cures the plague as soon as possible and the person sooner. Pests recover naturally.

Apple vinegar: Combine apple cider vinegar with lukewarm water and use it as a daily mouthwash. Apple cider vinegar, due to its acetic acid, kills bad and dangerous bacteria in the mouth and also helps good bacteria. This mouthwash is available to everyone and helps to treat the pest, which acts as an antibiotic. .

Baking soda: Baking soda is an alkaline substance. Acids cause the pest to accumulate in the mouth and cause pain and burning, and the consumption of baking soda neutralizes them and helps kill bacteria, thus improving the oral pest and eliminating it. The substance can be made from the trick of a teaspoon with a glass of lukewarm water and used as a mouthwash.

Sage: Sage is a plant that kills viruses and germs and reduces inflammation and eliminates it. You can use this plant to prepare it dried from perfumers and boiled in water. And mix hot and after using this solution as a mouthwash 2 to 3 times a day to see improvement.

Going to the doctor: When your mouth sores are accompanied by fever, diarrhea, headache, or skin rash, it is best to see a doctor, as well as large pests and pests that have lasted more than one to two weeks and have not improved. Should be treated under the supervision of a doctor so that if there are other reasons and the problem is serious, you should be informed as soon as possible and find a solution.