Enamel is the outermost layer of teeth and the hardest tissue in the human body. This layer is white and surrounds the crown of the tooth. Normally, a very small amount of tooth enamel is damaged during the day and night, but with good oral hygiene, it is not too late to restore the enamel minerals. But sometimes, due to factors such as poor oral hygiene, the enamel may be damaged and need to be repaired. What you read in this article is complete information about enamel erosion and its repair method.

Erosion is usually the result of destruction of tooth enamel by acidic activity. The following are involved in oral acidification, erosion, and enamel analysis:

Excessive alcohol consumption

Diet containing starch and sugar

Dry mouth

Decreased saliva

Acid reflux disease (GERD) and other gastrointestinal problems


Medications such as aspirin and antihistamines

In addition to the above, environmental factors such as daily friction, corrosion and abrasion can also cause enamel erosion. So, even if you eat right, avoid sugar, do not take medication regularly, and are generally in good health, you may still have enamel resorption.

What are the symptoms of enamel erosion?

Signs that your enamel is eroding include:

Fractures and fillings: The edges of worn teeth may have minor fractures and irregularities.

Discoloration: A decayed or damaged tooth has a dark yellow color.

Glazing: The tooth finds a shape at its edges called glass.

Sensitivity: Eating sweets or foods that are relatively hot or cold may be painful for people who experience enamel resorption. If the pain is severe, the enamel may be completely worn out.

What can we do to treat and repair decayed enamel?

The first thing you need to know about tooth enamel is that if the enamel is degraded and its thickness is greatly degraded, it can no longer be repaired. In other words, he can not repair himself. Because there is no living cell inside the structure of the enamel to regenerate and repair the enamel.

As a result, when we are faced with enamel resorption, we should refer to a dentist or restorative and cosmetic specialist to repair the enamel with dental methods. In the following, you will get acquainted with 3 methods of repairing and restoring tooth enamel.

Dental bonding composite

Composite is one of the most common materials used in the dental industry. This substance is used for various purposes. But its most important use is to repair damaged and decayed teeth.

The dental composite is attached to a tooth that has suffered from enamel erosion by a restorative and cosmetic specialist and is hardened with the help of special light or heat. Dental composite is very durable and unlike other restorative materials, it has a very good bonding power to the teeth.

Dental veneers

Veneers are thin scales that attach to the front of teeth. The most well-known dental veneers are dental laminates and composite veneers, which are mostly used for their aesthetic aspects. But they can also be used to repair and protect decayed enamel. After composite bonding, veneers are the best method for treating tooth enamel erosion.

To install dental laminate, it is necessary to shave some of the thickness of the enamel so that the laminates stick to the front of the teeth.

To install composite veneers, there is no need to shave more enamel and they are attached to the front of the teeth only in the dentist’s office.

Dental crowns

Veneers are crown-shaped caps that attach to our teeth near the gum line. When much of the enamel is gone and the veneer and composite bonding of the tooth cannot be repaired, the only way left is to use a veneer.

Teeth that have recently been Denervated or are very weak are usually protected by a veneer.

What can we do to care for and protect our enamel?

Apart from brushing and flossing, there are many things you can do to prevent enamel erosion. Some of these simple and preventative measures are:

Eat a healthy diet

Eliminate acidic foods and beverages such as soft drinks, fruit juices and citrus fruits from your diet, or rinse your mouth with water immediately after eating or drinking such products. Be careful not to brush your teeth immediately after eating such foods. Because the rate of tooth enamel erosion increases and makes it more difficult to repair.

Be careful in choosing your snacks

If you can, avoid snacks throughout the day and eat only the main meals. If you have a strong desire for food and snacks, try chips, fast food, breads, dried fruits and…. Eat less because consuming them increases the production of acid and starch and increases the chances of tooth enamel decay. Rinse your mouth thoroughly with water if you consume these foods.

Drink more water

Saliva plays an important role in maintaining the health of the mouth and especially the teeth. Saliva removes plaque and helps to neutralize the environment inside the mouth. To reduce saliva in your mouth, try to drink plenty of water daily.

Chew gum

Chew sugar-free gum between meals. Chewing gum increases saliva production, which helps strengthen teeth and reduces the amount of acid in food and beverages. Buy chewing gum that contains xylitol because this sugar is very good for teeth.

Talk to your dentist

The best person who can help you maintain good oral health is your dentist. Be sure to talk to a dentist if you are afraid of enamel erosion or tooth decay.

Consider preventive dental treatments

For your children, you can also do fluoride therapy or fissure sealant at an early age to help prevent tooth decay or enamel erosion.

Toothache is a relatively common and often unbearable pain that can occur at any time but usually becomes extremely annoying and restrictive during the night. When you have this problem during the night, it becomes difficult for you to sleep and you may wake up constantly. If you have this problem many times or you now have toothache, you can relieve or eradicate the pain with the help of a few simple solutions.

What are the causes of toothache?

Tooth decay is a very common cause of toothache. If left untreated, tooth decay can lead to cavities. Cavities occur when acids and bacteria destroy the enamel and enter the delicate tissues inside the tooth, the tooth pulp. Erosion and loss of tooth enamel can expose the nerve and cause mild to severe pain.

Sinus infections can also cause toothache in some people. Symptoms such as pain and pressure from the infection may be more common at night.

Other possible causes of toothache include:

filling teeth

Dental abscesses

Injury and trauma to the jaw

The emergence or germination of wisdom teeth or any other tooth

Food gets stuck in the gums

Gritted teeth overnight

Gum disease

Suitable methods for treating toothache at night

Toothache creates difficult conditions for us, but if we experience toothache at night, the world will be hell for us. Fortunately, there are ways to successfully treat toothache, especially at night.

Oral analgesics

Taking over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) is a quick and proven way to reduce pain or even treat toothache. These drugs are able to relieve minor to moderate pain well. When taking painkillers, be sure to consider the recommended dose of the manufacturer. If your toothache is severe, it is best to see an orthodontist and talk to him or her about strong painkillers that can help reduce the pain more.

Cold compress

Using a bag full of ice cubes or a bag full of ice water can help relieve toothache. It is best to pour some ice into the mesh and then wrap it in a small towel. Apply an ice pack to the aching part of the mouth and teeth to relax the blood vessels in the area and help reduce and treat toothache. The compress can be applied to the toothache area for 15 to 20 minutes each time.

Keep your head up

If you do not have access to painkillers, the best way to treat toothache is definitely to keep your head up. If you hold your head up, less blood will collect in your head, which will reduce inflammation and additional pain. If you wake up at night, you can raise your head a little higher, for example, put a longer pillow under your head.

Use of oral ointments

In addition to pain relieving pills and capsules, some ointments may also help reduce toothache. Over-the-counter anesthetic gels and ointments containing substances such as benzocaine may numb the sore area of ​​the mouth and teeth. Just note that benzocaine is not suitable for use in young children.

Rinse mouth with water and salt

Salt water is a natural antibacterial agent, so it may reduce inflammation. This in turn helps protect damaged teeth from infection. Rinsing with salt water may also help remove any food particles or debris left on the teeth or gums.

Rinse mouth with hydrogen peroxide

Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gum tissue that generally occurs as a result of neglect in oral hygiene. Periodontitis and other gum diseases can cause problems such as toothache, bleeding gums and teeth and even the formation of dental abscesses.

Rinsing your mouth with a mouthwash containing hydrogen peroxide can help reduce plaque and the symptoms of periodontitis. To treat toothache with this method, hydrogen peroxide should be diluted with an equal volume of water, then the solution should be gargled several times in the mouth. Note that this treatment is not suitable for children. Because children may accidentally swallow the solution and experience side effects.

Mint tea

Peppermint contains antibacterial and antioxidant compounds. Menthol is an active ingredient in peppermint that has a mild anesthetic effect in the mouth. Drinking a small amount of mint tea can relieve and even completely relieve toothache.


Picture a number of carnations on a plate

Eugenol, one of the main constituents of cloves, can reduce and treat toothache. The results of a clinical trial in 2015 showed that people who applied euginol to their gums and teeth after tooth extraction experienced a reduction in inflammation and toothache.

 Not all pain in the jaw and face is related to the teeth. Sometimes the source of these pains is another factor; For example, pain from trigeminal neuralgia, shingles, migraine, and sinusitis are sometimes confused with toothache. Another important cause of toothache is myocardial infarction, which manifests itself as toothache and lower left jaw pain. For this reason, dentists recommend that you see your doctor every 6 months or up to a year to check your oral health. In addition to keeping your teeth healthy, this reduces the chance that the symptoms of these diseases will be confused with toothache.


Sometimes viral illnesses such as shingles present as toothache. Shingles is an acute infectious disease caused by the reactivation of the chickenpox virus. Chickenpox virus remains inactive in the body after the disease has passed and is reactivated due to factors such as stress, aging and weakening of the immune system. The sensation of pain and burning in one area of ​​the body is one of the first symptoms of this disease and is caused by the invasion of the virus into the spinal nervous system. Symptoms of the disease can sometimes be seen in the face and neck due to the influx of chickenpox virus into the sensory nerve of the mandibular and maxillary teeth and some areas of the face. Although the virus can affect all the nerves in the body; But the nerve that is most affected is the more femoral nerve. The activity of the virus causes pain in the areas of the femoral nerve (triplets); Therefore, the sufferer thinks that he has a toothache and goes to the dentist. Shingles usually causes red lesions and blisters on the skin that the dentist can notice by looking at these symptoms, but sometimes even though the patient has shingles, the symptoms are not obvious and in these cases it is difficult to diagnose.

For this reason, dentists consider other cases in cases where they do not diagnose a specific cause for toothache, and by using radiography or a complete examination of the teeth, they can be sure of the pain that the patient complains of, for example due to dental problems such as Caries and periodontal disease or not.

Shingles pain is usually accompanied by symptoms of intraoral ulcer and occurs unilaterally and continuously, and with the treatment and improvement of shingles, the pain also disappears.


Sinusitis affects the roots of the maxillary teeth, and because of the proximity of the two organs, the pain of sinusitis is sometimes confused with toothache.

 The doctor can easily diagnose toothache with sinusitis by clinical examination, questioning of the patient, as well as radiography. If the pain is sinusoidal, the person will feel pain when they press their finger on the face, under the eyes, and on either side of the nose. Pain is usually felt in the face when bending, for example in bowing. Other symptoms of sinusitis include fever, headache, and discharge from the back of the throat. X-rays can also show that toothache is caused by symptoms of sinusitis or dental problems.

 Sinusitis headaches or runny nose and hoarseness, all of which are symptoms of sinusitis, are very troublesome and annoying. Here we have tried to introduce some useful and simple ways to treat sinusitis to people with it.

Face incense: First you need to incense both sides of the face other than the forehead by covering the forehead with a scarf. Brew some chamomile like tea, add some peppermint essence to the brewed chamomile when you are ready to smoke, and incense both sides of your face and breathe in the chamomile steam and peppermint essence.

Nasal lavage: After irritating the nose, sneezing and runny nose, it is time to rinse the nose, which is also of special importance. Pull up; That is, take one of the nostrils by the hand and pull up the solution you have prepared. This solution enters the throat as it rises with the infection, and you can remove it. Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water every day. Remember not to drink water between and immediately after a meal.

Reduce salt intake in meals: Eating unsalted foods as much as possible can speed up recovery; Because too much salt causes water to accumulate in the tissues and excrete calcium.

Minimize red meat consumption: Eat more steamed foods with vegetables and legumes. Grill some ostrich or turkey meat and even serve it as breakfast.