Hyperdontia is the growth of extra teeth that should not normally be present. Normally, the number of deciduous teeth is 20 and the number of permanent teeth is 32. Primary teeth are the primary teeth that begin to grow and protrude from the gums from infancy and gradually fall out at school age and are replaced by permanent teeth. At the age of 21, all permanent teeth are usually extracted. A condition in which the number of deciduous teeth is more than 20 or the number of permanent teeth is more than 32 is called extra teeth.

Extra teeth may occur in any part of the dental arch but are often seen as permanent teeth in the position of the lateral front teeth in the maxilla. After that, the most common causes of extra teeth are related to the teeth of the upper and lower maxilla. Extra teeth usually grow in the form of extra latent wisdom teeth. The extra maxillary anterior tooth is called the mesiodens and the four extra-large molars are called the distodens or distomolars. The extra baby tooth that is seen shortly after birth is called a natal tooth.

Extra teeth occur in about one percent to four percent of the population, and the ratio of men to women is two to one. Most extra teeth are limited to one tooth, but sometimes several rows of teeth may protrude.

Identification of extra teeth should be done as soon as possible because extra teeth cause cosmetic and functional problems for the person. Extra teeth essentially cause clinical problems that can usually be treated with tooth extraction if possible.

Extra teeth may obstruct the protrusion of adjacent teeth and cause clutter and clogging of the teeth, in which case orthodontic treatment should be corrected in the future if treatment is not done early.

Also, failure to treat extra teeth in a timely manner can lead to cysts or tumors.

Extra teeth may prevent the permanent teeth from coming out normally or even stick to them. In such cases, the teeth may be subject to decay.

Excess teeth cause other teeth to tilt, making it difficult to chew food.

What are the reasons for extra teeth coming out?

Researchers have not yet found a definite cause for the growth of extra teeth in the mouth. However, genetics is believed to play a role.

Extra teeth can be caused by mouth problems such as cleft lip and palate.

Extra teeth are a condition that may be associated with certain conditions, including Gardner’s syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Usually, people do not notice the presence of extra teeth in the jaw until the whole set of deciduous teeth grows. Extra teeth form in the early stages of tooth development. At this stage, the tooth bud opens and two teeth are formed, one of which is an unnecessary extra tooth.

What is the treatment for extra teeth?

Extra teeth cannot be prevented. The main treatment for this condition is tooth extraction. However, aligning the extra teeth with the adjacent teeth is also an option that should be considered. The consequences of this treatment may be beneficial. If this treatment causes problems for adjacent teeth, the only possible way is to extract extra teeth.

If the extra tooth does not cause any problems, it is better to leave it to avoid the complications and complications related to extra tooth extraction such as cutting or cutting off blood and nerve vessels, improper protrusion of teeth, ankylosis, maxillary tuberculosis fracture, and at risk. Avoid getting the maxillary sinus and pterygomaxillary space.

Extract extra teeth

Surgery may be needed depending on the location of the extra tooth. Tooth extraction is performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on the severity and complexity of the problem.

To prevent any future dental problems, you should see your child’s orthodontist from the age of seven. In this examination, the orthodontist can detect the presence of extra teeth and treat them before more serious problems occur. You should consult a dentist to check for any dental condition.