Many people do not have any problems with their wisdom teeth during their lifetime and never go to a dental clinic for wisdom tooth surgery. But if the eruption of this tooth is associated with problems, the extraction of wisdom teeth should be on the agenda. In this article, we will introduce you to the problems of impacted wisdom teeth, the reasons for wisdom tooth extraction, risks, preparation for surgery, and postoperative care.
Extraction of wisdom teeth is a surgical procedure to extract one or more wisdom teeth, the four main adult teeth that are up and down in the back corners of your mouth.
If a wisdom tooth does not have space to grow (impacted wisdom tooth) it can lead to pain, infection, or other dental problems and you will most likely have to pull it out. Wisdom tooth extraction may be performed by a dentist or oral surgeon.
To prevent possible problems in the future, some dentists and oral surgeons recommend that wisdom tooth surgery be performed and the tooth extracted, even if the impacted teeth are not currently a problem.
Wisdom teeth are the last major teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people never get wisdom teeth. In other people, wisdom teeth erupt normally – just like other teeth – and do not cause a problem.
Many people have impacted wisdom teeth – teeth that do not have enough space to come out of the mouth or grow normally. The impacted wisdom tooth may only grow to some extent or not come out at all.
An impacted wisdom tooth may:
Grow at an angle to the next tooth
Grow at an angle to the back of the mouth
Grow at right angles to other teeth, as if the wisdom tooth were inside the jawbone
Like other teeth, it goes straight up or down but is stuck in the bone.
If a missing wisdom tooth leads to the following problems, you should probably have it extracted:
Pain Stuck food and debris behind the wisdom teeth Infection or gum disease (periodontal disease) that requires gum surgery. Tooth decay in a partially germinated wisdom tooth Damage to nearby teeth or surrounding bone Create a fluid-filled sac (cyst) around the wisdom teeth Complications of orthodontic treatments for straightening other teeth
Dental professionals disagree about extracting impacted wisdom teeth that do not cause problems (asymptomatic).
Wisdom tooth extraction does not usually lead to long-term complications. However, extracting an impacted wisdom tooth sometimes requires a surgical procedure that involves making an incision in the gum tissue and removing the bone. Complications of this rarely include the following:
Dry and painful surgical site (cavity) or the appearance of bone in the event of the disappearance of a blood clot after surgery from the surgical wound site (cavity) Infection in the cavity is trapped due to the accumulation of bacteria or food particles Damage to teeth, nerves, jawbone or surrounding sinuses.